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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 481510

Modelling of Mobile Robot Dynamics


Ivanjko, Edouard; Petrinić, Toni; Petrović, Ivan
Modelling of Mobile Robot Dynamics // Proceedings of the 7th EUROSIM Congrees on Modelling and Simulation Vol. 2: Full Papers / Šnorek, Miroslav ; Buk, Zdenek ; Čepek, Miroslav (ur.).
Prag: Czech Technical University in Prague, 2010. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Modelling of Mobile Robot Dynamics

Autori
Ivanjko, Edouard ; Petrinić, Toni ; Petrović, Ivan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings of the 7th EUROSIM Congrees on Modelling and Simulation Vol. 2: Full Papers / Šnorek, Miroslav ; Buk, Zdenek ; Čepek, Miroslav - Prag : Czech Technical University in Prague, 2010

ISBN
978-80-01-04589-3

Skup
EUROSIM 2010, 7th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation

Mjesto i datum
Prag, Republika Češka, 06-10.09.2010.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Modelling; mobile robot; estimation; dynamic model

Sažetak
This paper presents two approaches to modelling of mobile robot dynamics. First approach is based on physical modelling and second approach is based on experimental identification of mobile robot dynamics features. Model of mobile robot dynamics can then be used to improve the navigational system, especially path planing and localization modules. Localization module estimates mobile robot pose using its kinematic odometry model for pose prediction and additional sensor measurements for pose correction. Kinematic odometry models are simple, valid if mobile robot is travelling with low velocity, low acceleration and light load. Disadvantage is that they don't take any dynamic constraints into account. This leads to errors in pose prediction, especially when significant control signal (translational and rotational velocity reference) changes occur. Problem lies in the fact that mobile robot can't immediately change its current velocity to the desired value and mostly there exists a communication delay between the navigation computer and mobile robot micro-controller. Errors in predicted pose cause additional computations in path planning and localization modules. In order to reduce such pose prediction errors and considering that mobile robots are designed to travel at higher velocities and perform heavy duty work, mobile robot drive dynamics can be modelled and included as part of the navigational system. Proposed two modelling approaches are described and first results using a Pioneer 3DX mobile robot are presented. They are also compared regarding to complexity, accuracy and suitability of implementation as part of the mobile robot navigational system.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Elektrotehnika, Računarstvo, Temeljne tehničke znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
036-0361621-3012 - Napredne strategije upravljanja i estimacije u složenim sustavima (Nedjeljko Perić, )
036-0363078-3018 - Upravljanje mobilnim robotima i vozilima u nepoznatim i dinamičkim okruženjima (Ivan Petrović, )

Ustanove
Fakultet elektrotehnike i računarstva, Zagreb