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Histological aspects of sepsis - induced brain changes in a baboon model


Žarković, Kamelija; Žarković, Neven; Schlag, Günther; Redl, Heinz; Waeg, Georg
Histological aspects of sepsis - induced brain changes in a baboon model // Shock, sepsis and organ failure - brain damage secondary to hemorrhagic - traumatic shock, sepsis, and traumatic brain injury / Schlag, G. ; Redl, H. ; Traber, D. (ur.).
Heilderberg: Springer-Verlag, 1997. str. 146-164


Naslov
Histological aspects of sepsis - induced brain changes in a baboon model

Autori
Žarković, Kamelija ; Žarković, Neven ; Schlag, Günther ; Redl, Heinz ; Waeg, Georg

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Shock, sepsis and organ failure - brain damage secondary to hemorrhagic - traumatic shock, sepsis, and traumatic brain injury

Urednik/ci
Schlag, G. ; Redl, H. ; Traber, D.

Izdavač
Springer-Verlag

Grad
Heilderberg

Godina
1997

Raspon stranica
146-164

ISBN
3-540-62419-8

Ključne riječi
oxidative stress, brain, sepsis, HNE, immunohistochemistry, baboon, neuropathology

Sažetak
Encephalophaty is one of the organ dysfunctions seen in critically ill patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome secondary to sepsis, but only few clinical studies are available. To gain an insight into the role of oxidative stress in the patophysiology of brain, we have performed an immunohistochemical analysis of the distribution of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) in the brain of 14 baboons with chronic instrumentation and fluid support for 3 days. Septic shock was induced by i.v. infusion of live E.coli (2x109 CFU/kg)over 2 hours. For the immunohistochemical detection of the HNE-adducts, immunoperoxidase technique was used on standard paraffin sections. Monoclonal antibodies from the clone "HNE Ig4" were used. The antibody is specific for the HNE-histidine epitope in HNE-protein (peptide) conjugates. Very strong immunohistochemical staining on HNE was observed for almost all animals in the subarachnoidal space and the brain white matter. On the contrary, the presence of the aldehyde was less obvious in the gray matter of the brain, and could not be even detected in some animals. Perivascular edema fluid of the brain, as well as the hemolytic content of the blood vessels were rich in HNE-protein adducts. Strong HNE positivity was noticed in the brain membranes and the blood vessels, particulary in subarachnoidal space. Swelling of the astrocytes was associated with HNE presence and much more pronounced in the midbrain than in the other brain regions. Similary, more HNE-positive neurons were found in the midbrain thai in the other parts of the brain. Due to these findings, we suppose that the brain damage induced by sepsis could be based on the oxidative damage of the blood brain barrier and the release of the "second toxic messengers of free radicals" (such as HNE) from the blood vessels into the brain.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00981110
108083

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Kamelija Žarković (autor)

Avatar Url Neven Žarković (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Žarković, Kamelija; Žarković, Neven; Schlag, Günther; Redl, Heinz; Waeg, Georg
Histological aspects of sepsis - induced brain changes in a baboon model // Shock, sepsis and organ failure - brain damage secondary to hemorrhagic - traumatic shock, sepsis, and traumatic brain injury / Schlag, G. ; Redl, H. ; Traber, D. (ur.).
Heilderberg: Springer-Verlag, 1997. str. 146-164
Žarković, K., Žarković, N., Schlag, G., Redl, H. & Waeg, G. (1997) Histological aspects of sepsis - induced brain changes in a baboon model. U: Schlag, G., Redl, H. & Traber, D. (ur.) Shock, sepsis and organ failure - brain damage secondary to hemorrhagic - traumatic shock, sepsis, and traumatic brain injury. Heilderberg, Springer-Verlag, str. 146-164.
@inbook{inbook, year = {1997}, pages = {146-164}, keywords = {oxidative stress, brain, sepsis, HNE, immunohistochemistry, baboon, neuropathology}, isbn = {3-540-62419-8}, title = {Histological aspects of sepsis - induced brain changes in a baboon model}, keyword = {oxidative stress, brain, sepsis, HNE, immunohistochemistry, baboon, neuropathology}, publisher = {Springer-Verlag}, publisherplace = {Heilderberg} }