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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 469969

Human Brain Gangliosides in Health and Disease: Fingerprinting by Modern Mass Spectrometry


Vukelić, Željka; Zamfir, Alina
Human Brain Gangliosides in Health and Disease: Fingerprinting by Modern Mass Spectrometry // 1st International Conference of the Romanian Society for Mass Spectrometry Book of Abstracts / Zamfir, Alina (ur.).
Arad, Romania: Romanian Society for Mass Spectrometry, 2010. str. 9-9 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Human Brain Gangliosides in Health and Disease: Fingerprinting by Modern Mass Spectrometry

Autori
Vukelić, Željka ; Zamfir, Alina

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
1st International Conference of the Romanian Society for Mass Spectrometry Book of Abstracts / Zamfir, Alina - Arad, Romania : Romanian Society for Mass Spectrometry, 2010, 9-9

Skup
1st International Conference of the Romanian Society for Mass Spectrometry

Mjesto i datum
Sinaia, Rumunjska, 25-29.04.2010

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Gangliosides; human brain; biomarkers; mass spectrometry

Sažetak
Gangliosides, a large group of sialylated glycosphingolipids, are building components of plasma-membrane and glycocalyx of eukaryotic cells, participating in functions of membrane microdomains (lipid rafts) and defining antigenic composition of cell surfaces. As such, they participate in cell-to-cell recognition/communication and cell signaling. Brain cells, particularly neurons, contain gangliosides in much higher concentrations than any other cell type. Ganglioside composition is species- and cell type-specific and specifically changes during brain development, maturation, aging and diseases, such as neurodegeneration, malignant alteration etc. Therefore, gangliosides could be used as valuable tissue-stage markers and/or diagnostic markers of diseases, and serve as therapeutic targets as well as therapeutic agents. In order to achieve reliable, systematic, detailed and comparative composition/structure characterization of gangliosides isolated as complex mixtures from brain tissue samples we have developed and optimized fast and sensitive mass spectrometric approaches allowing ganglioside screening and sequencing directly from the mixture [1, 2]. Here, we report results of the composition and structure analysis of native ganglioside mixtures from selected regions of human fetal and adult brain, brain tumors (gliosarcoma, meningeoma, hemangioma etc.), and cerebral remnant in anencephaly (a congenital brain malformation). The results were obtained employing capillary- or fully automated chip-based nanoelectrospray ionization interfaced to high-performance tandem mass spectrometers: a high capacity ion trap MS, quadrupole time-of-flight MS, and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance MS. The MS approaches complemented with thin-layer chromatographic and immunochemical methods enabled detection and structural assignment of more than 100 individual ganglioside species including minor species. In conclusion, the MS strategies for screening and structural analysis of gangliosides provide a significant impact to the understanding of functional and pathologic implications of gangliosides in the nervous system and are powerful tool for defining diagnostically useful biomarkers.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1081870-2415 - Strukturno-funkcionalna glikolipidomika moždanog razvitka i maligne alteracije (Željka Vukelić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Željka Vukelić, (241834)