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Properties and nature of Be stars. XIX. Spectral and light variability of 60 Cygni


Koubsky, Pavel; Harmanec, Petr; Hubert, A.M.; Floquet, M.; Kubat, Jiri; Ballereau, Dominique; Chauville, J.; Božić, Hrvoje; Holmgren, David; Yang, Stephenson et al.
Properties and nature of Be stars. XIX. Spectral and light variability of 60 Cygni // Astronomy and Astrophysics, 356 (2000), 3; 913-928 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Properties and nature of Be stars. XIX. Spectral and light variability of 60 Cygni

Autori
Koubsky, Pavel ; Harmanec, Petr ; Hubert, A.M. ; Floquet, M. ; Kubat, Jiri ; Ballereau, Dominique ; Chauville, J. ; Božić, Hrvoje ; Holmgren, David ; Yang, Stephenson ; Cao, H. ; Eenens, Philippe. ; Huang, Lin. ; Percy, John R.

Izvornik
Astronomy and Astrophysics (0004-6361) 356 (2000), 3; 913-928

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
stars: early-type - stars; emission-line; Be - stars: individual: 60 Cyg - stars: oscillations - stars: variables: general
(stars: early-type - stars: emission-line; Be - stars: individual: 60 Cyg - stars: oscillations - stars: variables: general)

Sažetak
An analysis of electronic spectra secured between 1992 and 1999 at the Haute Provence, Ondrejov and Dominion Astrophysical Observatories and of differential UBV measurements of 60 Cyg obtained between 1984 and 1999 at Hvar, San Pedro Martir, Toronto and Xinglong Observatories, the all-sky Hipparcos satellite Hp photometry transformed to Johnson V and B magnitudes, and all-sky UBV observations published by several authors and dating back to fifties, led to the following findings: 1. 60 Cyg exibits pronounced long-term spectral variations characterized by the B -> Be -> B phase transition. These long-term spectral changes of 60 Cyg are also accompanied by corresponding, though rather mild, secular light and colour variations. The character of these variations is indicative of a positive correlation between the brightness and emission-line strength. 2. NLTE model atmosphere analysis of spectra secured during the quiescence state (B phase) of 60 Cyg shows that the star has overabundance of helium. Best results were obtained for N(He)/N(H) = 0.2. 3. The presence of periodic medium-term changes, with a period of 146.6 +/- 0.6 days was found in the radial-velocity of the H alpha and HeI 6678 A lines. If confirmed by future observations, these variations could indicate that 60 Cyg is a spectroscopic bnary. 4. There are clear rapid periodic line-profile changes of (a) overall line asymmetry, and (b) weak sub-features passing across the line profiles every about 0.1 days. The radial velocity and asymmetry of HeI linesvary with a period of 1.0647 days and a double-wave curve. There is no evidence of this period in photometry, however. 5. The rapid light variations of 60 Cyg are dominated by rapid changes with a full amplitude of almost 0.1. A period analysis of V magnitude data prewhitened for the long-term changes indicates a period of 0.2997029 days, reported earlier. The most interesting finding is that also all recorded series of moving sub-features in the line profiles can be reconciled with this period: the sub-features reappear at the same phase intervals of 0.2997 days period in the line profiles over an interval of several years. Considering the acceleration of these sub-features, 1900 km/s/d, it is conceivable that the true physical (super) period of these changes is either 0.8991 or 1.1988 days. 6. The findings mentioned in points 4 and 5 represent a challenge for the NRP scenario since the light changes would be dominated by a high-order mode instead a low-order one.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
007004

Ustanove
Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Hrvoje Božić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Koubsky, Pavel; Harmanec, Petr; Hubert, A.M.; Floquet, M.; Kubat, Jiri; Ballereau, Dominique; Chauville, J.; Božić, Hrvoje; Holmgren, David; Yang, Stephenson et al.
Properties and nature of Be stars. XIX. Spectral and light variability of 60 Cygni // Astronomy and Astrophysics, 356 (2000), 3; 913-928 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Koubsky, P., Harmanec, P., Hubert, A., Floquet, M., Kubat, J., Ballereau, D., Chauville, J., Božić, H., Holmgren, D. & Yang, S. (2000) Properties and nature of Be stars. XIX. Spectral and light variability of 60 Cygni. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 356 (3), 913-928.
@article{article, year = {2000}, pages = {913-928}, keywords = {stars: early-type - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: individual: 60 Cyg - stars: oscillations - stars: variables: general}, journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics}, volume = {356}, number = {3}, issn = {0004-6361}, title = {Properties and nature of Be stars. XIX. Spectral and light variability of 60 Cygni}, keyword = {stars: early-type - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: individual: 60 Cyg - stars: oscillations - stars: variables: general} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts