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Effect of FADD expression during UV carcinogenesis

Radnić, Maja; Matić, Igor; Nagy, Biserka
Effect of FADD expression during UV carcinogenesis // International Journal of Molecular Medicine: Supplement / Spandidos, D.A. (ur.).
Athens, Greece: Lychnia, Athens, Greece, 2009. str. 78-78 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)

Effect of FADD expression during UV carcinogenesis

Radnić, Maja ; Matić, Igor ; Nagy, Biserka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

International Journal of Molecular Medicine: Supplement / Spandidos, D.A. - Athens, Greece : Lychnia, Athens, Greece, 2009, 78-78

The 14th World Congress on Advances in Oncology, i 12th International Symposium on Molecular Medicine

Mjesto i datum
Grčka, 15-17.10.2009

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Apoptosis; UV radiation; FADD; poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP)

To become a cancer cell, a cell must inactivate apoptosis in order to avoid dying. This model predicts that cancer cells are more resistant to DNA damaging agents because they have deactivated the apoptotic pathway. UV-induced apoptoasis provides a well controlled scavenging mechanism protecting cells from malignant transformation. Apoptotic signal caused by UV irradiation is specific DNA damage wich triggers intrinsic or mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Other apoptotic pathway is coupled directly to FADD, an adaptor protein essential for madiating apoptosis. UV could trigger this extrinsic pathway. Our initial effort was to develop dose-response relationships for survival and apoptosis as a function of UVC radiation using embryonic fibroblasts derived from FADD knockout mice and their genetic counterparts. We examined the effects of UV exposure on the survival of FADD positive (FADD+/+) and FADD negative (FADD-/-) cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. FADD+/+ and FADD-/- cells were irradiated with UVC light (254nm) using a germicidal lamp(Upland, CA). The culture media was drained before the irradiation and fresh media was added after. The UV doses in our study were 50 J/m2, 75 J/m2 and 300 J/m2. The cell proteins were isolated 24 and 48 hours after each UVC exposure. The poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), 113kDa nuclear enzyme, is the first protein cleaved in fragments of 89 and 24kDa during apoptosis and this event was analysed by Western blotting using antibodies specific for PARP. The results indicated that FADD-/- cells irradiated with a dose of 50 J/m2 do not undergo apoptosis after 24 hours which was not case with FADD+/+ cells. FADD+/+ cells irradiated with 50 J/m2, 75 J/m2 and 300 J/m2 UVC doses undergo apoptosis after 24 hours as well as after 48 hours. All other results for FADD-/- cells (75 J/m2 and 300 J/m2 after 24 hours and 50 J/m2, 75 J/m2 and 300 J/m2 after 48 hours) were identical as results for FADD+/+ cells. We established significant difference in apoptotic response after UV radiation between FADD+/+ and FADD-/- cells. As we suspected FADD protein is involved in the extrinsic apoptotic pathway caused by UV radiation, although main apoptotic pathway caused by UVC radiation is intrinsic through mitochondria.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Projekt / tema
119-0000000-1256 - Učinak ekspresije FADD-a na karcinogenezu izazvanu UV zračenjem (Inga Marijanović, )

Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus