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Adsorption and Desorption of Ionic Surfactants


Pušić, Tanja; Grancarić, Anamarija; Tarbuk, Anita; Šauperl, Olivera; Soljačić, Ivo
Adsorption and Desorption of Ionic Surfactants // Tenside, surfactants, detergents, 47 (2010), 3; 173-178 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Adsorption and Desorption of Ionic Surfactants

Autori
Pušić, Tanja ; Grancarić, Anamarija ; Tarbuk, Anita ; Šauperl, Olivera ; Soljačić, Ivo

Izvornik
Tenside, surfactants, detergents (0932-3414) 47 (2010), 3; 173-178

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Adsorption; desorption; surfactants; fibre; WRV; electrokinetic potential

Sažetak
Surfactants as organic compounds are widely used in the processes of textile finishing and care with regard to different variations and specific hydrophilic/hydrophobic character. Specific behaviour of these compounds is partly based on the adsorption process. In this study the adsorption and desorption of ionic surfactants have been studied upon the influence of fibre composition and surfactant ionogenity as well as variation of hydrophobic chain length and hydrophilic group in the molecule. Textile fibres were characterized through electrokinetic potential, sorption characteristics and swelling capacity expressed by moisture regain and water retention value (WRV). Different types of cationic and anionic surfactants were adsorbed on cotton, wool, polyester and polypropylene fibres at 20 8C during 60 minutes. The quantity of adsorbed surfactants on textile fibres was determined by potentiometric titration. The textile fibres were centrifuged afterwards and the amount of surfactants was determined in the centrifugate, respectively. Drying followed at 60 8C. The desorption of surfactants was performed at 208C during 30 minutes. The results showed a correlation between amount of adsorbed, desorbed and residual surfactants and swelling capacity expressed through WRV.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Tekstilna tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
117-1171419-1382 - Etika i ekologija u oplemenjivanju i njezi tekstila (Ivo Soljačić, )
117-1252971-1367 - Međupovršinske pojave aktivnih multifunkcijskih tekstilnih materijala (Anamarija Grancarić, )

Ustanove
Tekstilno-tehnološki fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus