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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 460970

Assessment of emerging contaminants in municipal wastewaters - a transition country perspective


Ahel, Marijan; Terzić, Senka; Senta, Ivan; Mikac, Iva
Assessment of emerging contaminants in municipal wastewaters - a transition country perspective // Book of abstracts
Novi Sad: University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, 2009. str. 10-10 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Assessment of emerging contaminants in municipal wastewaters - a transition country perspective

Autori
Ahel, Marijan ; Terzić, Senka ; Senta, Ivan ; Mikac, Iva

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of abstracts / - Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, 2009, 10-10

Skup
REP-LECOTOX 2nd Workshop Trends in Ecological Risk Assessment

Mjesto i datum
Novi Sad, Srbija, 21.-23.09. 2009

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Emerging contaminants; municipal wastewaters; identification

Sažetak
Abstract: A comprehensive survey of municipal wastewaters for organic contaminants was performed using mass spectrometric techniques, including gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/ESI/MS). The study comprised analyses of wastewater samples from all major cities in Croatia. A preliminary qualitative screening, involving full scan analyses in both positive and negative ionization modes, revealed a complex composition of the present contaminants, characterised by a strong predominance of medium-polar and polar contaminants over the nonpolar ones. The major constituents of all extracts were various detergent-derived organic compounds, reaching typically mg/L concentration range. In addition, significant levels of pharmaceuticals were found in all investigated samples. Subsequent quantitative analyses of major representatives of these two contaminant classes, including aromatic surfactants and antimicrobials, respectively, showed their widespread occurrence in untreated municipal wastewaters. In addition, the investigation was extended to study behavior of the selected contaminants during wastewater treatment. It was shown that surfactant-derived compounds were subject to marked changes during the sewage treatment due to the biological transformations and physico-chemical partitioning, while most of pharmaceuticals showed rather modest elimination efficiencies. The study indicated that the elimination efficiencies of the existing conventional wastewater treatment technologies were often inadequate, especially with respect to polar recalcitrant compounds such as pharmaceuticals and some metabolic products of nonionic surfactants.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982934-2712 - Organski spojevi kao molekulski obilježivači antropogenog utjecaja na okoliš (Marijan Ahel, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb