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Dyslipidemia and adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Croatian HIV-infected patients during the first year of highly active antiretroviral therapy


Turčinov, Drago; Stanley, C.; Canchola, J.A.; Rutherford, G.W.; Novotny, T.E.; Begovac, Josip
Dyslipidemia and adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Croatian HIV-infected patients during the first year of highly active antiretroviral therapy // Collegium antropologicum, 33 (2009), 2; 423-430 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Dyslipidemia and adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Croatian HIV-infected patients during the first year of highly active antiretroviral therapy

Autori
Turčinov, Drago ; Stanley, C. ; Canchola, J.A. ; Rutherford, G.W. ; Novotny, T.E. ; Begovac, Josip

Izvornik
Collegium antropologicum (0350-6134) 33 (2009), 2; 423-430

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Dyslipidemia; Mediterranean diet; Croatia; HIV-infected patients; antiretroviral therapy

Sažetak
We investigated the association of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and other risk factors for dyslipidemia in HIV-infected Croatian patients during the first year of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was determined by a 150-item questionnaire ; a 0 to 9-point diet scale was created that stratified respondents as having low adherence (<4 points) and moderate to high adherence (> or = 4 points). We interviewed 117 participants between May 2004 and June 2005 and abstracted their serum lipid measurements taken during the first year of HAART The values of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides increased most prominently in the first 3 to 6 months after initiation of HAART (average increase at 3 months: 25% for total cholesterol, 22% for LDL-cholesterol, 18% for HDL- cholesterol and 43% for triglycerides). A Mediterranean diet and physical activity had no effect on serum lipids. The mean total cholesterol was higher in participants receiving a combination of a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor and a protease inhibitor compared to participants receiving a combination of nucleoside analogs with a non-nucleoside analog or a combination of nucleoside analogs and a protease inhibitor Among individual drug treatments, indinavir/ritonavir had the most unfavorable lipid profile. We conclude that adherence to a Mediterranean diet does not influence serum lipid profiles during the first year of HAART.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1080116-0098 - Epidemiološka i klinička obilježja zaraze HIV-om u Hrvatskoj (Josip Begovac, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE