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The effects of zolpidem treatment and withdrawal on the in vitro expression of recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2s GABA-A receptors expressed in HEK 293 cells


Vlainić, Josipa; Jazvinšćak Jembrek, Maja; Švob Štrac, Dubravka; Peričić, Danka
The effects of zolpidem treatment and withdrawal on the in vitro expression of recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2s GABA-A receptors expressed in HEK 293 cells // Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 382 (2010), 3; 201-212 doi:10.1007/s00210-010-0539-0 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The effects of zolpidem treatment and withdrawal on the in vitro expression of recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2s GABA-A receptors expressed in HEK 293 cells

Autori
Vlainić, Josipa ; Jazvinšćak Jembrek, Maja ; Švob Štrac, Dubravka ; Peričić, Danka

Izvornik
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology (0028-1298) 382 (2010), 3; 201-212

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Zolpidem; recombinant GABA-A receptor; ligand binding; gene and protein expression

Sažetak
Zolpidem, a widely used hypnotic drug which acts through benzodiazepine binding sites, is a positive allosteric modulator of GABA action with preferential affinity for GABA-A receptors containing alpha1 subunit. The pharmacological profile of zolpidem is different from that of classical benzodiazepines. The aim of this study was to find out whether zolpidem treatment triggers adaptive changes in the recombinant alpha1 subunit-containing GABA-A receptors other than those observed following treatment with classical benzodiazepine - diazepam. Radioligand binding studies showed that two-day exposure of human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells stably expressing recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2s GABA-A receptors to zolpidem (10 microM) up-regulated the maximum number (Bmax) of [3H]flunitrazepam, [3H]muscimol and [3H]t-butylbicycloorthobenzoate ([3H]TBOB) binding sites without changing their affinity (Kd), suggesting an increase in total GABA-A receptor number. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated increased levels of alpha1 subunit mRNA, while Western blot demonstrated up-regulated gamma2 subunit proteins, suggesting that zolpidem induced de novo synthesis of receptors proteins, at both the transcriptional and translational levels. GABA-induced potentiation of [3H]flunitrazepam binding to membranes obtained from zolpidem-treated cells was markedly reduced, indicating allosteric uncoupling between GABA and benzodiazepine binding sites. The number of benzodiazepine and convulsant binding sites as well as the functional coupling between GABA and benzodiazepine binding sites normalized in 24 h following discontinuation of zolpidem treatment. The results of our in vitro studies suggest that a two-day exposure of recombinant alpha1 subunit – containing GABA-A receptors stably transfected in HEK 293 cells to zolpidem induces adaptive changes in this selective GABA-A receptor subtype which are not substantially different from those obtained after prolonged exposure of cells to high concentrations of diazepam.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0000000-2448 - Stres, GABA-A receptori i mehanizmi djelovanja neuropsihofarmaka (Dubravka Švob Štrac, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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