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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 44985

Population structure of the rural communities on the Island of Krk (Croatia): A comparison of genetic, cultural and geographic data


Martinović Klarić, Irena
Population structure of the rural communities on the Island of Krk (Croatia): A comparison of genetic, cultural and geographic data // American Journal of Human Biology, 12 (2000), 4; 509-525 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Population structure of the rural communities on the Island of Krk (Croatia): A comparison of genetic, cultural and geographic data

Autori
Martinović Klarić, Irena

Izvornik
American Journal of Human Biology (1042-0533) 12 (2000), 4; 509-525

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Population structure; island of Krk; population genetics; anthropology

Sažetak
The analysis of population structure of seven rural communities from the island of Krk involved the investigation of its genetic constitution and genetic structure, as well as the comparison of different sets of biological (genetic), bio-cultural (migration), cultural (linguistic) and geographic data. Genetic constitution was estimated based on the allelic frequencies of 9 tetranucleotide STR loci, 3 HLA class I loci, 5 HLA class II loci and 5 red blood cell enzyme and serum protein loci. Genetic structure was analysed based on the coefficients of genetic diversity GST and genetic kinship RST. Population structure was assessed either by analysing the structure of mutual relationships of biological, bio-cultural, cultural and geographic matrices through Mantel's test, or by assessing the relationship between biological, bio-cultural, cultural measures of distance and/or similarity and geographic distance by regression analysis of the "isolation by distance" model. Whereas one group of genetic markers (red blood enzymes, serum proteins and HLA polymorphisms) reflects heterogeneity of the studied rural communities (as an echo of important historical processes and migration patterns), the second group of genetic markers (STR polymorphisms) reflects the currently observed genetic homogeneity of the rural population from the island of Krk. The observed statistically significant positive correlations between the matrices of genetic (HLA) and linguistic distances indicate their possible co-evolution under conditions of genetic isolation (low gene flow). Furthermore, the observed statistically significant negative correlations between the matrices of genetic (STR) distances and the migration kinship of the 2nd and the 3rd cohort indicate temporal coincidence between genetic constitution and structure assessed from STRs and migration patterns in the period between 1892 and 1940. Finally, the observed statistically significant positive correlations between the matrices of genetic (STR) and geographic distances indicate isolation by distance.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
01960101

Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Irena Martinović Klarić, (209662)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Martinović Klarić, Irena
Population structure of the rural communities on the Island of Krk (Croatia): A comparison of genetic, cultural and geographic data // American Journal of Human Biology, 12 (2000), 4; 509-525 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Martinović Klarić, I. (2000) Population structure of the rural communities on the Island of Krk (Croatia): A comparison of genetic, cultural and geographic data. American Journal of Human Biology, 12 (4), 509-525.
@article{article, author = {Martinovi\'{c} Klari\'{c}, I.}, year = {2000}, pages = {509-525}, keywords = {population structure, island of Krk, population genetics, anthropology}, journal = {American Journal of Human Biology}, volume = {12}, number = {4}, issn = {1042-0533}, title = {Population structure of the rural communities on the Island of Krk (Croatia): A comparison of genetic, cultural and geographic data}, keyword = {population structure, island of Krk, population genetics, anthropology} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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  • Cambridge Scientific Abstracts
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  • General Science Index
  • Research Alert