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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 445955

Technological Solution for the Sustainability of the Destructive Distillation of Wood in Classic Horizontal Retorts


Tomas, Srećko; Planinić, Mirela; Bucić-Kojić, Ana; Bilić, Mate; Velić, Darko; Čačić, Milan
Technological Solution for the Sustainability of the Destructive Distillation of Wood in Classic Horizontal Retorts // Chemical and biochemical engeenering quartely, 23 (2009), 4; 555-561 (recenziran, članak, stručni)


Naslov
Technological Solution for the Sustainability of the Destructive Distillation of Wood in Classic Horizontal Retorts

Autori
Tomas, Srećko ; Planinić, Mirela ; Bucić-Kojić, Ana ; Bilić, Mate ; Velić, Darko ; Čačić, Milan

Izvornik
Chemical and biochemical engeenering quartely (0352-9568) 23 (2009), 4; 555-561

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, stručni

Ključne riječi
Charcoal; horizontal retort; pyroligenous acid; sustainable charcoal production

Sažetak
Charcoal production in retorts involves the pyrolysis i.e. thermal decomposition of wood in the absence of oxygen/air. The by products of this thermo-chemical process are tar, pyroligneous acid and wood gas. Pyroligneous acid can recover in several useful organic products by fraction distillation. However, the modern synthetic ways of their production are more economic, so that distillation of pyroligneous acid becomes irrational and is an abandoned procedure in “Factory of Wood Processing in Belišće”. The factory in full capacity makes about 25 t of pyroligneous acid daily, which is recognised as an environmental pollutant and hence cannot be allowed to escape into streams. Therefore, to continue wood charcoal production it was necessary to dispose of pyroligneous acid in an environmentally friendly manner. Four possible solutions to this problem were proposed. The innovative and acceptable solution found in the partial plant reconstruction that assumes direct combustion of exhaust retort gases instead of their condensation. The reconstruction gave several positive effects: the condensation phase was eliminated ; retort gases became the main heating fuel that should provide ample heat for the plant ; wastewater and gases are environmental-friendly.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemijsko inženjerstvo, Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
113-0000000-3497 - Razvoj integriranih postupaka i procesa dehidratacije bioloških materijala (Mate Bilić, )
113-1130471-0338 - Modeliranje i simuliranje procesa sušenja i ekstrakcije u proizvodnji hrane (Srećko Tomas, )

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet, Osijek

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • CAB Abstracts