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The effect of the zeolite clinoptilolite on serum chemistry and hematopoesis in mice


Martin-Kleiner, Irena; Flegar-Meštrić, Zlata; Zadro, Renata; Breljak, Davorka; Stanović-Janda, Silvana; Stojković, Ranko; Marušić, Maruška; Radačić, Marko; Boranić Milivoj
The effect of the zeolite clinoptilolite on serum chemistry and hematopoesis in mice // Food and Chemical Toxicology, 39 (2001), 7; 717-727 doi:10.1016/S0278-6915(01)00004-7 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The effect of the zeolite clinoptilolite on serum chemistry and hematopoesis in mice

Autori
Martin-Kleiner, Irena ; Flegar-Meštrić, Zlata ; Zadro, Renata ; Breljak, Davorka ; Stanović-Janda, Silvana ; Stojković, Ranko ; Marušić, Maruška ; Radačić, Marko ; Boranić Milivoj

Izvornik
Food and Chemical Toxicology (0278-6915) 39 (2001), 7; 717-727

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Zeolites; clinoptilolite; mice; mammary carcinoma; serum electrolytes; hematopoiesis

Sažetak
Zeolites are natural or synthetic crystalline alumosilicates with ion exchanging properties. Supplied in fodder, they promote biomass production and animal health. Our aim was to asses the effects of the natural zeolite, clinoptilolite on hematopoiesis, serum electrolytes, and essential biochemical indicators of kidney and liver function in mice. Two preparations differing in particle size were tested: a powderized form obtained by countercurrent mechanical treatment of the clinoptilolite (MTCp) and normally ground clinoptilolite (NGCp). Young adult mice were supplied with food containing 12.5%, 25% or 50% clinoptilolite powder. Control animals received the same food ration without the clinoptilolite. After 10, 20, 30 and 40 days, six animals from each group were exsanguinated as to obtain blood for hematological and serum for biochemical measurements as well as to collect femoral bone marrow for determination of hematopoietic activity. Clinoptilolite ingestion was well tolerated, as judged by comparable body masses of treated and control animals. A 20% increase of the potassium level was detected in mice receiving the zeolite-rich diet, without other changes in serum chemistry. Erythrocyte, hemoglobin and platelet levels in peripheral blood were not materially affected. NGCp caused leukocytosis, with concomitant decline of the GM-CFU content in the bone marrow. That was attributed to intestinal irritation by rough zeolite particles. The mechanically treated clinoptilolite preparation caused similar, albeit less pronounced changes. In a limited experiment mice having transplanted mammary carcinoma in the terminal stage showed increased potassium and decreased sodium and chloride levels, severe anemia and leukocytosis, decreased bone marrow cellularity and diminished content of hematopoietic progenitor cells in the marrow. The clinoptilolite preparations ameliorated the sodium and chloride decline, whereas the effects on hematopoiesis were erratic.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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