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Genetic structure of three Croatian horse breeds: implications for their conservation strategy


Ivanković, Ante; Ramljak, Jelena; Dovč, Peter; Kelava, Nikolina; Konjačić, Miljenko
Genetic structure of three Croatian horse breeds: implications for their conservation strategy // Italian journal of animal science, 8 (2009), 4; 677-689 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Genetic structure of three Croatian horse breeds: implications for their conservation strategy

Autori
Ivanković, Ante ; Ramljak, Jelena ; Dovč, Peter ; Kelava, Nikolina ; Konjačić, Miljenko

Izvornik
Italian journal of animal science (1594-4077) 8 (2009), 4; 677-689

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Genetic diversity; horse breed; microsatellite; conservation

Sažetak
The genetic variability for a sample of 107 animals from three autochthonous Croatian horse breeds was estimated using 20 microsatellites. The average number of alleles per locus (6.3) and proportion of heterozygosity (0.732) indicated a moderate variability. The expected heterozygosity was similar among all breeds and ranged between 0.724 in Posavina horse, and 0.737 in the Croatian Coldblood and Murinsulaner horse. The inbreeding coefficient FIS was low and non-significant over the three populations. The genetic differentiation among the three populations was low (FST= 0.026), suggesting that only 2.6% of the total genetic variability was due to differences between the breeds, and 97% to individuals differences. The results of pairwise genetic differentiation suggest that Posavina horse and the Croatian Coldblood were the most closely related populations (FST = 0.016). These results are confirmed by Nei’s genetic distances with the highest value observed between Posavina horse and the Murinsulaner (0.082) and the lowest between Posavina horse and the Croatian Coldblood (0.044). An assignment test correctly assigned 82% individuals to the correct breed. Strategies for preserving the original native genes in the Croatian native horse breeds should be considered in order to prevent these breeds from becoming extinct and include them in the future breeding programmes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
178-0790466-0398 - Tipizacija i inventarizacija genetskih obilježja goveda u Hrvatskoj (Ante Ivanković, )

Ustanove
Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus