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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 443606

Ozone measurements in Zagreb, Croatia, at the end of 19th century compared to the present data


Lisac, Inga; Vujnović, Vladis; Marki, Antun
Ozone measurements in Zagreb, Croatia, at the end of 19th century compared to the present data // Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 19 (2010), 2; 169-178 doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2010/0432 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Ozone measurements in Zagreb, Croatia, at the end of 19th century compared to the present data

Autori
Lisac, Inga ; Vujnović, Vladis ; Marki, Antun

Izvornik
Meteorologische Zeitschrift (0941-2948) 19 (2010), 2; 169-178

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Surface ozone; Andrija Mohorovičić; comparison of historical and contemporary ozone data; 19th century ozone measurement conditions
(Surface ozone; Andrija Mohorovičić; comparison of historical and contemporary ozone data; 19th century ozone measurement conditions.)

Sažetak
Surface ozone measurements at the Zagreb-Grič Meteorological Observatory (founded in 1861), applying the Schönbein colorimetric method, were introduced at the end of the 19th century (1889-1900), at the time of the city’s most intensive development. The data measured in 11 (0-10) grade Schönbein scale were published in the Observatory annual journals. The well-known geophysicist, Andrija Mohorovičić, then a leader of the Observatory, supervised the surface ozone measurements. The ozone data, converted into quantitative units (ppb) after applying several statistical tests for the data quality check, were compared with recent ozone data. These first results, including the conversion method used, were published. In our study some additional quality data tests and ozone data comparisons were made, and a description of significant environmental conditions surrounding the measuring site in Zagreb was presented. A comparison between the multiannual data from the pre-industrial period and the ones from the recent multiannual period was made, based on annual and monthly averages. The average value of the surface ozone at the end of the 20th century (1989-1994) in Zagreb was by 24 % higher compared to the end of the 19th century. The rise relates to daily maxima in both time series. A bi-modal shape of the annual run of the surface ozone monthly average was found in the older as well as in the more recent data sets. The position of the primary maximum in the cold part of the year (winter/spring) during the last decade of the 19th century points at the rural surface-air characteristics. The annual primary maximum during the recent observation period was found in the summer months, and it demonstrates an increase in air pollution, mostly of anthropogenic origin. The old Zagreb pre-industrial ozone data show the expected sensitivity to the basic climatic factors, daily and annually.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
119-1193086-1311 - Bazične ORografske Atmosferske cirkulacije u Hrvatskoj (BORA) (Branko Grisogono, )

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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