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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 442857

Identification and analyses of female civilian victims of the 1991 war in Croatia from the Glina and Petrinja areas


Šlaus, Mario; Strinović, Davor; Petrovečki, Vedrana; Mayer, Davor; Vyroubal, Vlasta; Bedić, Željka
Identification and analyses of female civilian victims of the 1991 war in Croatia from the Glina and Petrinja areas // Forensic Science International Supplement Series, 1 (2009), 1; 69-71 doi:10.1016/j.fsisup.2009.09.006 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Identification and analyses of female civilian victims of the 1991 war in Croatia from the Glina and Petrinja areas

Autori
Šlaus, Mario ; Strinović, Davor ; Petrovečki, Vedrana ; Mayer, Davor ; Vyroubal, Vlasta ; Bedić, Željka

Izvornik
Forensic Science International Supplement Series (1875-1741) 1 (2009), 1; 69-71

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Mass graves ; positive identification ; 1991 War in Croatia ; taphonomy

Sažetak
The process of recovering and identifying human remains from individual and mass graves has proven to be the most effective method of resolving the fate of missing individuals in the former Yugoslavia. These efforts have two primary objectives: medicolegal—to identify the cause of death, and humanitarian—to bring closure to living family members, thus supporting the human rights of both the living and the deceased. From 1996 to the present, the remains of 388 individuals killed during the 1991 War in Croatia were recovered from the Glina and Petrinja areas (Sisačko–Moslovačka County). The purpose of this paper is to report on the demographic and taphonomic characteristics of the recovered remains, and identify factors responsible for the discrepancy in the identification ratios. To identify factors potentially responsible for the noted discrepancy, data were collected on the taphonomic characteristics of the recovered remains, the types of burials, as well as the factors responsible for positive identification. These factors included: forensic DNA testing, dental criteria, special signs (healed fractures, etc.), clothing and personal artifacts. The age distributions between males and females in the sample are significantly different. The mean age-at-death for males is 51.6 years, for females 67.0 years. In both sexes the majority of identifications (62.9% in females and 45.9% in males) were established through a combination of biological and non-biological features. In terms of the types of graves from which the bodies were recovered, positive identification in both sexes was lowest in mass graves (61.2% for males, and 84.2% for females). Females from mass graves were, however, better preserved than males—36.6% of males recovered from mass graves were completely skeletonized, while the same was true for only 19.3% of females (χ2=7.06, P<0.029). Completely skeletonized remains were identified in only 65.1% of cases, while partially skeletonized and saponified bodies were identified in 80.1% of cases. Since positive identification in both sexes is strongly correlated with preservation of the bodies, the reason why female identification frequencies in the Glina and Petrinja regions are higher than male frequencies lies in the fact that females recovered from mass graves were better preserved than males recovered from mass graves. Identification of the factors responsible for this is a challenge that needs to be resolved in future studies.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Arheologija

Napomena
Proceedings of the 17th International Meeting on Forensic Medicine ; 07.-10.05.2008., Alpe-Adria-Pannonia, Portorož, Slovenia ; Jože Balažic (ur.)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
101-1970677-0670 - Bioarheološka istraživanja srednjovjekovnih populacija Hrvatske (Mario Šlaus, )
108-0000000-0030 - Forenzička i antropološka obilježja stradalih u Domovinskom ratu (Davor Strinović, )

Ustanove
Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Scopus


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