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A contribution to understanding of enzymatic activity of bacterial lipases.


Abramić, Marija; Kojić-Prodić, Biserka; Leščić, Ivana; Luić, Marija; Ljubović, Edina; Pigac, Jasenka; Saenger, Wolfram; Schroeder, Werner; Šunjić, Vitomir; Tomić, Sanja et al.
A contribution to understanding of enzymatic activity of bacterial lipases. // Workshop of Challenges in Crystallography of Macromolecular Assemblies
Trst: Synchrotron Trieste, 2000. str. 24-24 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A contribution to understanding of enzymatic activity of bacterial lipases.

Autori
Abramić, Marija ; Kojić-Prodić, Biserka ; Leščić, Ivana ; Luić, Marija ; Ljubović, Edina ; Pigac, Jasenka ; Saenger, Wolfram ; Schroeder, Werner ; Šunjić, Vitomir ; Tomić, Sanja ; Vitale, Ljubinka ; Vujaklija, Dušica

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Workshop of Challenges in Crystallography of Macromolecular Assemblies / - Trst : Synchrotron Trieste, 2000, 24-24

Skup
Workshop of Challenges in Crystallography of Macromolecular Assemblies

Mjesto i datum
Trieste, Italija, 5-6.12.2000

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Lipase; 3D structure; bacterial

Sažetak
The results to be presented are related to an interdisciplinary approach in the research of bacterial lipases. An investigation has been focused on: known lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia (PCL) and a novel extracellular lipase from Streptomyces rimosus R6-554W. To understand the mechanism of their activity and to use them efficiently in further research and application, the 3-D structure has to be known. Therefore, we started our research with the known enzyme PCL to test various in-house prepared substrates and inhibitors with a goal to use lipases as catalyst in organic synthesis to obtain enantio-pure products. To resolve the faster reacting enantiomers and to find out their mode of binding into the enzyme active site, molecular modelling was extensively used. The enzyme-inhibitor complex was prepared and its crystal structure determined. The experimental results were compared with computer modelling and good agreement was achieved. The novel lipase from Streptomyces rimosus R6-554W was isolated and biochemically characterized. It is a monomeric, basic protein, active toward triolein and p-nitrophenyl esters, with the preference for those with medium size acyl chain length. Interfacial activation was observed with p-nitophenyl butyrate as a substrate. The lipase is the most active at 50-60oC in alkaline conditions around pH 9-10, with p-nitrophenyl palmitate as a substrate. It showed high stability at a broad pH range of 4-10 and was fairly thermostable. To obtain the amount of protein for more extended studies, lipase was cloned and sequenced. Comparison to known streptomycete lipases characterized so far, reveals significant differences biochemically and genetically suggesting higher variability of lipases than expected in this bacterial genus. Crystallization experiments of novel lipase are in due course.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija