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Advances in Fetal Neurophysiology


Salihagić Kadić, Aida; Predojević, Maja; Kurjak, Asim
Advances in Fetal Neurophysiology // Fetal Neurology / Pooh, Ritsuko K ; Kurjak, Asim (ur.).
New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, 2009. str. 161-220


Naslov
Advances in Fetal Neurophysiology

Autori
Salihagić Kadić, Aida ; Predojević, Maja ; Kurjak, Asim

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, pregledni

Knjiga
Fetal Neurology

Urednik/ci
Pooh, Ritsuko K ; Kurjak, Asim

Izdavač
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers

Grad
New Delhi

Godina
2009

Raspon stranica
161-220

ISBN
978-81-8448-692-6

Ključne riječi
fetal neurodevelopment, behavior, movements, yawning, breathing-like movements, swallowing, fetal memory, fetal senses, fetal stress,

Sažetak
The prenatal period of life has considerable influence in shaping future development and behavior. Functional development of the fetal brain begins as early as the late embryonic period. During the nine months of gestation, a repertoire of fetal activities constantly expands, correlating precisely with the structural development of the CNS. Major developmental events, such as the establishment of neural connections in different regions of the brain, are accompanied by the occurrence of new patterns of fetal activities or by the transformation of existing patterns. Extensive studies into the movement patterns have been conducted, tracing all newborn movement patterns back to the prenatal period. The integration of random and abundant fetal activity into the organized behavioral states indicates the maturation of the control centers in the CNS. Moreover, many investigations have confirmed the role of fetal motility in the maturation of motor functions as well as revealed its involvement in the development of other organs, such as the CNS, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, retina. Some light has also been shed on the purpose of specific reflexive behavioral patterns, such as fetal yawning. Another sign of the advancing maturation is fetal ability to respond to a variety of vibratory, acoustic or metabolic external stimuli, acquired during the third trimester. Progression in behavioral complexity begins with spontaneous fetal movements and culminates with presumed preferences for the sound of mother’s voice, reflecting maturational events that take place in the brainstem, followed by forebrain structures. Furthermore, the fetus is able to learn and remember familiar auditory stimuli. This finding could be interpreted as evidence for fetal rudimentary, learning-related cognitive-like activity. Investigations carried out using 4D sonography have produced invaluable details of fetal behavior and its development, opening the door to a better understanding of the prenatal functional development of the CNS. Finally, recent investigations have shown that fetal exposure to stress or even severe maternal stress can interfere with the fetal neurodevelopment and leave the long-term and profound consequences on brain structure and function. These findings underline the importance of a stress-free environment for the normal prenatal development of the CNS. Normal physiologic development of the fetus enables the necessary initial preconditions for an untroubled and happy childhood.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1081870-1869 - 4D ultrazvučni parametri ponašanja u normalnom i poremećenom razvoju fetusa (Asim Kurjak, )
108-1081870-1940 - C/U omjer i motorički parametri u prevenciji perinatalnog oštećenja mozga (Aida Salihagić-Kadić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinička bolnica "Sveti Duh"

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Salihagić Kadić, Aida; Predojević, Maja; Kurjak, Asim
Advances in Fetal Neurophysiology // Fetal Neurology / Pooh, Ritsuko K ; Kurjak, Asim (ur.).
New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, 2009. str. 161-220
Salihagić Kadić, A., Predojević, M. & Kurjak, A. (2009) Advances in Fetal Neurophysiology. U: Pooh, R. & Kurjak, A. (ur.) Fetal Neurology. New Delhi, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, str. 161-220.
@inbook{inbook, year = {2009}, pages = {161-220}, keywords = {fetal neurodevelopment, behavior, movements, yawning, breathing-like movements, swallowing, fetal memory, fetal senses, fetal stress,}, isbn = {978-81-8448-692-6}, title = {Advances in Fetal Neurophysiology}, keyword = {fetal neurodevelopment, behavior, movements, yawning, breathing-like movements, swallowing, fetal memory, fetal senses, fetal stress,}, publisher = {Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers}, publisherplace = {New Delhi} }