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Negative impacts of grouting on the underground karst environment


Bonacci, Ognjen; Gottstein, Sanja; Roje-Bonacci, Tanja
Negative impacts of grouting on the underground karst environment // Ecohydrology, 2 (2009), 4; 492-502 doi:10.1002/eco.90 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Negative impacts of grouting on the underground karst environment

Autori
Bonacci, Ognjen ; Gottstein, Sanja ; Roje-Bonacci, Tanja

Izvornik
Ecohydrology (1936-0584) 2 (2009), 4; 492-502

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Karst; underground karst ecosystem; grout curtain; grouting negative impacts

Sažetak
Grouting is a procedure in which grout is injected into different kinds of spaces. This procedure has had broad applications in modern civil engineering, especially in karst terrains, for nearly 200 years. Ingredients for the preparation of mortars and grouting suspensions include cement, clay and fillers, bentonite, asphalt, additives for stability and water. The building of dams in karst areas is always accompanied by the construction of large grout curtains. During their construction, thousands of tons of materials are injected into the karst underground. Some ingredients and chemicals used in the preparation of mortars and grouting suspensions may be toxic, neurotoxic or carcinogenic, and may be irritants or corrosives. Their use is dangerous to both humans and the environment. The toxic components can pollute karst aquifers and cause long-lasting hazardous consequences on karst underground species. Both physically and chemically, this material voraciously and quickly destroys underground habitats and kills an enormous number of rare, endangered and endemic species. This is an extremely expensive procedure although, in many cases, it is not very successful from the engineering perspective. When the construction of a grout curtain is completed, the hydrostatic pressure upgradients of the curtain are increased to higher levels than ever. These high hydraulic gradients accelerate the dissolutional expansion of fractures and bedding planes beneath the dam by several orders of magnitudes. As a result, intolerable leakage of karst reservoirs can occur over the lifetime of a dam site. This paper provides several examples of varying negative impacts of grouting on the hydrological and ecological regimes of the karst environment in the Dinaric karst.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Biologija, Građevinarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
083-0831510-1511 - Proučavanje ekstremnih hidroloških situacija i vodnih rizika u kršu (Ognjen Bonacci, )
083-0831510-1515 - Geotehnički vid utjecaja krškog terena na povećanje troškova građenja (Tanja Roje-Bonacci, )
119-1193080-3076 - Taksonomija, ekologija i biogeografija beskralješnjaka vodenih ekotona Hrvatske (Mladen Kerovec, )

Ustanove
Fakultet građevinarstva, arhitekture i geodezije, Split,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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