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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 43402

Thermodynamic and hydrogeochemical controls on the redox speciation of uranium in the marine environmen


Kniewald, Goran; Branica, Marko
Thermodynamic and hydrogeochemical controls on the redox speciation of uranium in the marine environmen // Conference guide and Book of Abstracts
Noumea, 2000. str. 146-146 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Thermodynamic and hydrogeochemical controls on the redox speciation of uranium in the marine environmen

Autori
Kniewald, Goran ; Branica, Marko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Conference guide and Book of Abstracts / - Noumea, 2000, 146-146

Skup
6th South Pacific Environmental Radioactivity Association Conference (SPERA-2000

Mjesto i datum
Francuska; Nouméa, Nova Kaledonija, 19.06.2000. - 23.06.2000

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Sažetak
The chemical speciation and redox equilibria of uranium in seawater (and natural waters in general) are controlled by a suite of physico-chemical processes. Among these, of primary significance from the thermodynamic point of view are major and trace constituent interactions, redox processes and sorption phenomena. The complex redox system of uranium in natural waters, involving at least three of the five known oxidation states of this element, is highly sensitive to changes of the redox potential (Eh) of the milieu. Several hydrogeochemical equilibrium models were applied to the calculation of uranium distribution between the oxidation states VI, V and IV. Subroutines for inclusion of varying redox potentials, solubility products and stability constants were used to identify thermodynamically feasible reactions, the predominating oxidation states of uranium and the respective solubility – limiting solids. The results indicate that the redox equilibria of uranium do not necessarily follow the classic concept of soluble U(VI) vs. insoluble U(IV) species. The presence and geochemical relevance of the redox state of uranium (V) has to be accounted for in models predicting the redox speciation of uranium and its mass transfer reactions in the marine environment.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
00981502

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Marko Branica (autor)

Avatar Url Goran Kniewald (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Kniewald, Goran; Branica, Marko
Thermodynamic and hydrogeochemical controls on the redox speciation of uranium in the marine environmen // Conference guide and Book of Abstracts
Noumea, 2000. str. 146-146 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Kniewald, G. & Branica, M. (2000) Thermodynamic and hydrogeochemical controls on the redox speciation of uranium in the marine environmen. U: Conference guide and Book of Abstracts.
@article{article, author = {Kniewald, Goran and Branica, Marko}, year = {2000}, pages = {146-146}, keywords = {}, title = {Thermodynamic and hydrogeochemical controls on the redox speciation of uranium in the marine environmen}, keyword = {}, publisherplace = {Francuska; Noum\'{e}a, Nova Kaledonija} }
@article{article, author = {Kniewald, Goran and Branica, Marko}, year = {2000}, pages = {146-146}, keywords = {}, title = {Thermodynamic and hydrogeochemical controls on the redox speciation of uranium in the marine environmen}, keyword = {}, publisherplace = {Francuska; Noum\'{e}a, Nova Kaledonija} }




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