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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 431798

Recent findings in etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease: Does Alzheimer's disease begin in the dorsal raphe nucleus?


Šimić, Goran
Recent findings in etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease: Does Alzheimer's disease begin in the dorsal raphe nucleus? // Abstract book of the 3. Croatian Congress of Neuroscience / Kostović, I ; Jernej, B ; Judaš, M ; Vukšić, M (ur.).
Zadar: Croatian Society for Neuroscience, 2009. str. 29-30 (predavanje, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Recent findings in etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease: Does Alzheimer's disease begin in the dorsal raphe nucleus?

Autori
Šimić, Goran

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Abstract book of the 3. Croatian Congress of Neuroscience / Kostović, I ; Jernej, B ; Judaš, M ; Vukšić, M - Zadar : Croatian Society for Neuroscience, 2009, 29-30

Skup
3. Croatian Congress of Neuroscience

Mjesto i datum
Zadar, Hrvatska, 24-26.09.2009

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Aging; Alzheimer's disease; behavioral and psychological symptoms; cerebrospinal fluid; dorsal raphe nucleus; early diagnosis; fetal brain development; neurofibrillary degeneration; serotonin; tau protein

Sažetak
Although substantial evidence indicates that the progression of pathological changes of the neuronal cytoskeleton is crucial in determining the severity of dementia in Alzheimer’ s disease (AD), the exact causes and evolution of these changes, the initial site at which they begin, and the neuronal susceptibility levels for their development are poorly understood. The current clinical criteria for diagnosis of AD are focused mostly on cognitive deficits produced by dysfunction of hippocampal and high-order neocortical areas, whereas noncognitive, behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia such as disturbances in mood, emotion, appetite, and wake– sleep cycle, confusion, agitation and depression have been less considered. The early occurrence of these symptoms suggests brainstem involvement, and more specifically of the serotonergic nuclei. In spite of the fact that the Braak staging system and National Institutes of Aging – Reagan Institute (NIA-RI) criteria do not include their evaluation, several recent reports drew attention to the possibility of selective and early involvement of raphe nuclei, particularly the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), in the pathogenesis of AD. Based on these findings of differential susceptibility and anatomical connectivity, a novel pathogenetic scheme of AD progression was proposed. Although the precise mechanisms of neurofibrillary degeneration still await elucidation, we speculated that cumulative oxidative damage may be the main cause of DRN alterations, as the age is the main risk factor for sporadic AD. Within such a framework, b-amyloid production is considered only as one of the factors (although a significant one in familial cases) that promotes molecular series of events underlying AD-related neuropathological changes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1081870-1942 - Fosforilacija tau proteina u razvitku i Alzheimerovoj bolesti (Goran Šimić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Goran Šimić, (198614)