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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 42784

Some preliminary results and analysis of different geodynamic techniques with special remark on GPS and tiltmeter measurements in Croatia


Altiner, Yüksel; Čolić, Krešimir; Marjanović Kavanagh, Radovan
Some preliminary results and analysis of different geodynamic techniques with special remark on GPS and tiltmeter measurements in Croatia // 12^th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering / Buchanan, Richard (ur.).
Auckland: MCEER, 2000. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Some preliminary results and analysis of different geodynamic techniques with special remark on GPS and tiltmeter measurements in Croatia

Autori
Altiner, Yüksel ; Čolić, Krešimir ; Marjanović Kavanagh, Radovan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
12^th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering / Buchanan, Richard - Auckland : MCEER, 2000

Skup
12^th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering

Mjesto i datum
Auckland, Novi Zeland, 30.1.-4.2.2000

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Adriatic area; earthcrust deformation; GPS measurements; earthquakes

Sažetak
Croatia lies in a region, which is seismotectonically very active. The main reasons for this are the Adriatic microplate movements towards the Dinarides, with its different specific densities of rock masses in the crust. There are several zones in the Adriatic Sea but also along the Adriatic Coast experiencing in the past heavy earthquakes with damages in cities (Dubrovnik, Makarska, Rijeka, Ston and Zadar). Also, there are some local zones in the inland regions (Gospić, Knin, Zagreb and others) which are not directly coupled with the above mentioned dynamics. Therefore, several different measuring methods and techniques applied in different zones are used (and others are planned) to determine the changes in position, hight, tilting and gravity, which will enable the creation of better earthquake prevention models. Two main projects for deformation monitoring are still running. The first project is: a) the monitoring of the Adriatic Sea area deformations with a part of the inner land, and the other is: b) the local deformation net of the broader area of Zagreb. The monitoring is based on GPS measurements. For the investigation of the present tectonic activities in the Adriatic Sea area, a wider GPS network was established. The network consists of 22 stations that are distributed over Croatia (17), Slovenia (3) and Italy (2). In 1996, the network was extended towards the south and west with 7 stations in Albania (4) and Italy (3). The GPS network for geodynamical research of the broader area of the city of Zagreb consists of 42 carefully stabilised points, covering the significant faults where the most earthquakes in the past occured. Both GPS nets have to be remeasured several times and from the repeated data, velocity vectors will be calculated. Till now the results of the deformation analysis, based on the analytical surface deformation theory from two measuring campaigns for the Adria area are available. Three different deformation zones in the investigated area have been found. The measurements of the third campaign are at the moment not completely calculated. A comparation of these data is at the moment therefore not possible. It is planned that tilt measurements in combination with gravity measurements in the future along the coast will prove the theory of three separate microplates in the Adriatic basin. To observe earthquake precursors (if they occur), continuously on-line tiltmeter measurements are planned. Since the Geophysical Institute in Zagreb has been recording earthquakes for more than hundred years till now, these data are to be included as well. Also an absolute gravity network with selected measuring points which will cover the main part of Croatia as well as a GPS permanent network is planned in the future. The combination of data from different origin will enable the usage of crust behaviour models in future. Based on such models a better understanding of earthquake origins and prevention, especially around cities could be obtained.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geodezija, Rudarstvo, nafta i geološko inženjerstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
007151
195001

Ustanove
Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb,
Rudarsko-geološko-naftni fakultet, Zagreb