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Broadband Conductivities and Fluidities of Fragile Ionic Liquids

Funke, Flaus; Mutke, Monika; Šantić, Ana; Banhatti, Radha D.; Wrobel, Wojciech
Broadband Conductivities and Fluidities of Fragile Ionic Liquids // Electrochemistry, 77 (2009), 8; 573-581 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Broadband Conductivities and Fluidities of Fragile Ionic Liquids

Funke, Flaus ; Mutke, Monika ; Šantić, Ana ; Banhatti, Radha D. ; Wrobel, Wojciech

Electrochemistry (1344-3542) 77 (2009), 8; 573-581

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Conductivity; Fluidity; Ionic Liquids

Conductivity and fluidity spectra of two room temperature ionic liquids, BMIm-BF4, and HMIm-BF4, taken at different temperatures, are presented and compared with each other. BMIm-BF4 and HMIm-BF4., are short for 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium tetrafluoroborate and 1-hexyl-3-methyl-imidazolium tetrafluoroborate, respectively. In their temperature and frequency dependences, flow of charge and shear flow are found to display close similarities. The distinguishing features of the ion dynamics in fragile ionic liquids as compared to ionic solids are seen to arise from the absence of a network that provides pre-formed vacant sites for the ions to move in. In ionic liquids, the dispensive behaviour of the frequency-dependent conductivity is thus characterized by a temperature-independent end frequency. This key feature, along with Arrhenius activated elementary displacements is shown to yield the well-known non-Arrhenius temperature dependence of the DC conductivity. In Arrhenius-type plots, DC conductivity and fluidity can be superimposed over the entire temperature range above the glass transition. As a Consequence ionic conduction and shear flow can be traced back to elementary displacements with identical activation energy. On the inverse temperature axis, a small positive shift, Delta = (1/T-circle times - 1/T) is required for the superposition. Remarkably, fluidities taken at temperature T correspond to conductivities taken at the slightly lower temperature T-circle times not only at DC, but in the entire frequency range studied. Indeed, according to the data as well as to our modelling, the entire conductivity and fluidity spectra superimpose when considered at T-circle times and T, respectively, with identical values of their end angular frequency. The still unknown time correlation function for Shear flow is hence expected to have significant features in common with the current density autocorretation function.

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Projekt / tema
098-0982929-2916 - Utjecaj strukture na električna svojstva (bioaktivnih) stakala i keramike (Andrea Moguš-Milanković, )

Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ana Šantić, (236704)

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus