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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 422085

Load analysis of karate kata situational training


Bok, Daniel; Jukić, Igor; Vučetić, Vlatko
Load analysis of karate kata situational training // Book of abstracts of the 14th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science "Sport sciences: Nature, nurture and culture" / Loland, S. ; Bo, K. ; Hallen, J. ; Ommundsen, Y. ; Roberts, G. ; Tsolakidis, E. (ur.).
Oslo: European College of Sport Science, 2009. str. 207-207 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Load analysis of karate kata situational training

Autori
Bok, Daniel ; Jukić, Igor ; Vučetić, Vlatko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of abstracts of the 14th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science "Sport sciences: Nature, nurture and culture" / Loland, S. ; Bo, K. ; Hallen, J. ; Ommundsen, Y. ; Roberts, G. ; Tsolakidis, E. - Oslo : European College of Sport Science, 2009, 207-207

ISBN
978-82-502-0420-1

Skup
The 14th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science

Mjesto i datum
Oslo, Norveška, 24-27.07. 2009

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Kata ; karate discipline ; level of intensity ; oxygen uptake ; heart rate ; blood lactate

Sažetak
INTRODUCTION Kata is a karate discipline comprised of basic karate techniques presenting the offensive and the defensive actions. As kata is performed identically on training and competition, it is relatively easy to assess actual competition load measuring performances during situational training. The goal of the research was to establish the level of intensity of 5 consecutive kata (Jion, KD, KS, GSS, Unsu) performances with 5 min rest periods. METHODS A member of Croatian national kata team (29 yrs ; 179 cm ; 91 kg) performed incremental treadmill test (0, 5 km/h speed increase per minute, 1, 5% grade) for determination of VO2max and HRmax (50.8 mlO2/kg/min ; 191 bpm) and anaerobic threshold (AnT -46.4 mlO2/kg/min ; 186 bpm). The level of intensity of 5 consecutive kata was measured through: heart rate (HR), blood lactate (LA ; Lactate Scout, USA) and oxygen uptake (VO2 ; COSMED, Quark K4, Italy). RESULTS The duration of each kata was 102s in average. HR before each 5 performance was 137, 150, 150, 124 and 137 bpm (73.1% HRmax, 75.1% HRAnT in avr) and after the kata performance 196, 197, 188, 193 and 189 bpm (100.1% HRmax, 103.6% HRAnT in avr). VO2 before each kata was 14.7, 13.4, 19.9, 12.5 and 9.3 mlO2/kg/min (27.5% VO2max, 30.1% VO2AnT in avr) and after the performance 39.1, 41.6, 33.7, 29.5 and 28.2 mlO2/kg/min (67.7% VO2max, 73.8 VO2AnT in avr). LA before each kata was 1.2, 12.6, 14.2, 14.3 and 16.8 mmol/l ; after kata 5.7, 13.2, 14.4, 14.4 and 13.0 mmol/l and 3 min after kata 11.3, 13.4, 14.0, 13.9 and 13.9 mmol/l. DISCUSSION HR after the kata performance indicates extremely high intensity of activity which goes even above the HRmax estimated on the treadmill test. The HRpeak was lower in the last 3 katas, which can be attributed to the more economical performances and accumulated fatigue. Analysing the VO2 after each performance, which is always lower than after the previous one, it can be concluded that anaerobic metabolism is increasing with each performance. It also indicates that 5 min break is not enough for complete recovery. This has also been supported by values of LA. Each consecutive kata has been performed with higher LA which also indicates insufficient recovery period and glicolitic character of the activity. CONCLUSION In comparison to already reported results, this case study presents higher physiological demands of kata performance. It is likely due to the highly trained subject examined and higher level of kata performances. Kata performance can be considered as high intensity anaerobic activity with high lactate tolerance demands of an athlete. Situational training (5 katas with 5 min recovery) can be considered as extremely demanding system in which the anaerobic metabolism is increasing with each consecutive kata and the rest period is insufficient for full recovery.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kineziologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
034-0342607-2279 - Fiziološke determinante uspješnosti u sportovima izdržljivosti (Davor Šentija, )

Ustanove
Kineziološki fakultet, Zagreb