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Substrate specificity and regioselectivity of extracellular lipase from Streptomyces rimosus.


Leščić, Ivana; Vitale, Ljubinka; Abramić, Marija
Substrate specificity and regioselectivity of extracellular lipase from Streptomyces rimosus. // HB 2000; Kongres hrvatskih biokemičara i molekularnih biologa. Knjiga sažetaka. / Flögel, Mirna (ur.).
Zagreb: Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, 2000. str. 87-87 (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Substrate specificity and regioselectivity of extracellular lipase from Streptomyces rimosus.

Autori
Leščić, Ivana ; Vitale, Ljubinka ; Abramić, Marija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
HB 2000; Kongres hrvatskih biokemičara i molekularnih biologa. Knjiga sažetaka. / Flögel, Mirna - Zagreb : Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, 2000, 87-87

Skup
HB 2000; Kongres hrvatskih biokemičara i molekularnih biologa. (Silver Jubilee Meeting of the Croatian Biochemical Society)

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 13.-15. 10. 2000

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Streptomyces rimosus; lipase; substrate specificity; positional specificity; interfacial activation

Sažetak
Lipases are enzymes capable to hidrolyze ester bonds of fatty acid triglycerols. Their characteristic is interfacial activation i.e. marked increase of catalytic power upon contact with emulsified substrates. Although defined as triacylglicerol acylhydrolases (E.C. 3.1.1.3), they can hidrolyze other esters and catalyze various reactions of esterification. This makes them important biocatalysts applicable in organic chemistry, pharmaceutical industry and biotechnology. We have previously reported purification and partial characterization of extracellular lipase from Streptomyces rimosus. The object of this study was its substrate and positional specificity (regioselectivity). The acyl-chain length specificity was examined with p-nitrophenyl esters and glycerol esters of various fatty acids. The preference for esters of medium size fatty acids was found in both cases. Interfacial activation was demonstrated with p-nitrophenyl butyrate as substrate. Positional specificity was determined with alpha and beta-naphthyl esters, triolein and 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol tributyrate. The reactions were followed spectrophotometrically or by thin layer chromatography. It was revealed that S. rimosus extracellular lipase cleaves equally well ester bonds at position 1 and 2 of the examined substrates. Thus, like majority of bacterial lipases, it belongs to the group of positionally nonspecific lipases.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00980608
00980705

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb