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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 410261

Molecular genetics of inherited breast cancer


Levanat, Sonja; Levačić Cvok, Mirela
Molecular genetics of inherited breast cancer // Paediatria Croatica / Barišić, Ingeborg (ur.).
Zagreb: Klinika za dječje bolesti, Zagreb, 2009. str. 108-108 (predavanje, domaća recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Molecular genetics of inherited breast cancer

Autori
Levanat, Sonja ; Levačić Cvok, Mirela

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
Paediatria Croatica / Barišić, Ingeborg - Zagreb : Klinika za dječje bolesti, Zagreb, 2009, 108-108

Skup
8th Balkan Meeting on Human Genetics

Mjesto i datum
Cavtat-Dubrovnik, Hrvatska, 14.-17.05.2009

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Hereditary breast cancer ; genes BRCA1 and BRCA2

Sažetak
The majority of cancers are result of somatic mutations ; but, epidemiological data indicates that 5-10% is hereditary, of which at least a third are associated with inherited mutations in the autosomal dominant tumor suppressor susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2. Their main contribution to tumorigenesis is inactivation of the second allele and consequently nonfunctional tumor suppression, which would be an early event in the oncogenic pathway of breast cancer. Carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 are at higher risk for developing of breast cancer by age 70 (between 45-85%) and of ovarian cancer (between 11-62%) ; carriers of mutation in one of those genes are also at increased risk for other cancers: uterine, cervical, pancreatic, gallbladder, bile duct, stomach cancers and melanoma. Therefore, screening for variants in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes can contribute to prevention and early cancer detection in cases with familial predisposition. Several screening methods are accepted by Eurogentest, and one of latest is based on high-resolution melting approach, that is efficient for rapid detection of sequence variants in cancer patients and their family members. This approach is based on differences in melting curves caused by variations in nucleotide sequence, but detected variants have to be confirmed by direct sequencing. Owing to technological project funded by Croatian Ministry for Science, Education and Sports, our lab established procedures for genetic analyses of those genes in families with high frequencies of breast/ovarian cancer based on by high-resolution melting. First screening was performed on elderly women with no personal or familial history of cancer, in order to identify benign high frequency variants of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in Croatian population. We found 21 different polymorphisms of BRCA1 and 36 of BRCA2 gene as normal variants in 200 BRCA1 and BRCA2 samples of healthy volunteers. We also tested the application of this approach using 25 coded samples with known mutations. This is the first big screening study performed in this region, and it will contribute to further understanding of breast cancer and formation of the hereditary breast cancer registry in Croatia. Intention of this pilot project was to introduce genetic testing into the national program of early detection of breast and ovarian cancer. In Croatian population of 4.5 million, an average of 2, 200 new breast cancer and 400 ovarian cancer cases annually have been reported over the last ten years (with a moderate tendency of increase), and 800 women die of breast cancer each year (data from Central Bureau of Statistics of Republic of Croatia and Croatian National Institute of Public Health, 2006).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982464-2461 - Prijenos signala u tumorima: Hh-Gli put, interakcije i potencijalne terapije (Sonja Levanat, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Sonja Levanat, (113154)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus