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Human skull dimensions from antique to late medieval in continental Croatia


Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Njemirovskij, Vera; Šlaus, Mario
Human skull dimensions from antique to late medieval in continental Croatia // Book of Abstracts - 6th ISABS Conference on Human Genome Project Based Applications in Forensic Science, Anthropology and Individualized Medicine, Split, Croatia, June 1-5, 2009. Book of abstracts: page 122.
Split, Hrvatska, 2009. str. 122-122 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Human skull dimensions from antique to late medieval in continental Croatia

Autori
Vodanović, Marin ; Brkić, Hrvoje ; Njemirovskij, Vera ; Šlaus, Mario

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts - 6th ISABS Conference on Human Genome Project Based Applications in Forensic Science, Anthropology and Individualized Medicine, Split, Croatia, June 1-5, 2009. Book of abstracts: page 122. / - , 2009, 122-122

Skup
6th ISABS Conference

Mjesto i datum
Split, Hrvatska, 1.-5.6.2009

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Paleodontology; skull dimension; antique; medieval; Croatia

Sažetak
Human evolution, mixing of nations during population movements, diseases and dietary pattern can induce changes of bone dimensions. Aim: to evaluate changes in skull dimensions during the period from antique (A) and early medieval (EM) to late medieval (LM). Methods: six standard cephalometric dimensions were measured on 255 adult skulls from continental Croatia. Results: LM males showed statistically significant higher values of transverse (Euryon-Euryon: A 138.7± ; 6.0 mm, EM 137.6± ; 5.2 mm, LM 149.6± ; 6.6 mm) and vertical (Nasion-Prosthion: A 68.0± ; 2.0 mm, EM 70.5± ; 4.0 mm, LM 71.8± ; 4.4 mm and Nasion-Gnathion: A 107.5± ; 15.4 mm, EM 117.9± ; 6.0 mm, LM 120.1± ; 10.1 mm) diameter of the skull. The mid-sagittal diameter (Opisthocranion-Glabella) was statistically significant lower in LM than in the A and EM sample (A 181.0± ; 7.0 mm, EM 183.5± ; 4.8 mm, LM 175.3± ; 6.6 mm). LM females showed statistically significant higher values of transverse diameter of the skull (Euryon-Euryon: A 133.5± ; 5.4 mm, EM 129.6± ; 6.5 mm, LM 142.5± ; 3.9 mm) and lower the mid-sagittal diameter (Opisthocranion-Glabella: A 178.9± ; 5.4 mm, EM 178.9± ; 6.8 mm, LM 168.7± ; 6.0 mm). Males from the LM period showed significant lower values of Gonion-Gonion distance (A 107.5± ; 7.1 mm, EM 103.1± ; 6.2 mm, LM 101.6± ; 6.8 mm). Conclusion. Changes of skull dimensions can be explained by population movement during the wars in the late antique – early medieval transition period. In this period new nations from the northern parts of Europe came in the continental Croatia and mixed with native people from antique times. Lower values of Gonion-Gonion distance in LM sample could indicate changes in dietary pattern.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Dentalna medicina, Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
065-0650445-0423 - Humano zubalo u forenzičnim i arheološkim istraživanjima (Hrvoje Brkić, )

Ustanove
Stomatološki fakultet, Zagreb