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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 405655

Analysis of biomechanical properties of cartilage following transplantation of genetically modified bone marrow


Hudetz, Damir; Ivković, Alan; Jelić, Mislav; Matičić, Dražen; Pascher, Arnulf; Pećina, Marko; Windhager, Reinhard
Analysis of biomechanical properties of cartilage following transplantation of genetically modified bone marrow // Abstracts of the 10th European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (EFORT) Congress / Thorngren, Karl-Göran ; Knahr, Karl (ur.).
Beč, Austrija, 2009. str. F419-F419 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, stručni)


Naslov
Analysis of biomechanical properties of cartilage following transplantation of genetically modified bone marrow

Autori
Hudetz, Damir ; Ivković, Alan ; Jelić, Mislav ; Matičić, Dražen ; Pascher, Arnulf ; Pećina, Marko ; Windhager, Reinhard

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, stručni

Izvornik
Abstracts of the 10th European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (EFORT) Congress / Thorngren, Karl-Göran ; Knahr, Karl - , 2009, F419-F419

Skup
European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Congress (10 ; 2009)

Mjesto i datum
Beč, Austrija, 03-06.06.2009

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Articular cartilage; gene therapy; bone marrow

Sažetak
Articular cartilage injuries are very common, and if untreated can become symptomatic and progressively lead to premature osteoarthritis. It is well known that damaged cartilage has very limited potential to heal itself, and repair and regeneration of hyaline cartilage remain a clinical and scientific challenge. There are no pharmacological methods that can regenerate cartilage, and currently clinical treatments of debridement, chondrocyte transplantation and marrow stimulation have not been shown to restore consistently a durable articular surface. Tissue engineering and gene therapy concepts may improve cartilage repair by introducing cells, scaffolds, growth factors and other potential modulators of cartilage healing process. When analyzing cartilage treatment outcomes, traditionally we use macro- and microscopic assessment, immunohistochemistry, biochemical characterization etc. Recently, it has been postulated that biomechanical properties of newly formed cartilage are just as important, and novel methods of measurements have been proposed. Materials and methods: 38 defects were created on weight-bearing part of the medial femoral condyle in sheep. The sheep were randomly assigned to one of four groups. In the bone marrow clot (BMC) group, the sheep were implanted with untreated autologous bone marrow clot that was aspirated from iliac crest of respected animal. In the bone marrow transduced with Ad.GFP (GFP) group, the sheep were implanted with autologous bone marrow clots genetically modified to over express green fluorescent protein (GFP). In the bone marrow transduced with Ad.TGF-β 1 (TGF) group, the sheep were implanted with autologous bone marrow clots genetically modified to over express transforming growth factor-β 1. Untreated sheep served as a control (defect without implant), and native cartilage served as positive control. Specimens were collected after 6 months and analyzed by single-impact micro-indentation (SIMI), atomic force microscope (AFM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results: SIMI and AFM measurements showed that repair tissue has greater Young’ s elastic modulus then native cartilage. There was a statistically significant difference between TGF-β 1, GFP and BMC groups. SEM analysis showed presence of structurally organized collagen molecules in TGF-β 1, GFP and BMC groups. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that it is possible to enhance cartilage repair process by means of genetically modified bone marrow. Furthermore, biomechanical data obtained with SIMI, AFM and SEM provided more detailed insight into articular cartilage function and structure, and in future may be of practical importance for a better understanding of both cartilage mechanics and cartilage disease progression.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-0000000-3652 - Genska terapija mineraliziranih tkiva (Marko Pećina, )

Ustanove
Veterinarski fakultet, Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb