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Implementation of DNA Markers to Improve Breeding of Forage Legumes


Grljušić, Sonja; Tucak, Marijana; Čupić, Tihomir; Popović, Svetislav;
Implementation of DNA Markers to Improve Breeding of Forage Legumes // Boook of abstracts Plant breeding and Biotechnology in the great Pannonian Region-Present and Future Needs / Jurković, Draženka ; Šimić, Domagoj ; (ur.).
Osijek: The Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Agricultural Institute Osijek, 2008. str. 21-21 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Implementation of DNA Markers to Improve Breeding of Forage Legumes

Autori
Grljušić, Sonja ; Tucak, Marijana ; Čupić, Tihomir ; Popović, Svetislav ;

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Boook of abstracts Plant breeding and Biotechnology in the great Pannonian Region-Present and Future Needs / Jurković, Draženka ; Šimić, Domagoj ; - Osijek : The Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Agricultural Institute Osijek, 2008, 21-21

Skup
Workshop on Plant Breeding and Biotechnology in the Great Pannonian Region- Present and Future Needs

Mjesto i datum
Beli Manastir i Osijek, Hrvatska, 07.-09.04.2008

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Forage legumes; DNA markers; RAPD; SSR; Rogers distance

Sažetak
The low rates of estimated genetic gains in forage legumes breeding have emphasized the need for new breeding methods that would increase efficiency in forage selection and provide reliable improvement. Information on application of molecular methodologies and tools for the enhancement of the current empirical phenotype-based selection moved us toward implrmentationof DNA markers to our breeding activities.Firstly attention was given to identification of genetic variability within the forage species involved in program and comparison of conventional and molecular marker efficiency in variability evaluation. RAPDs were used (i) to estimate availability of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. and Medicago falcata L.) genetic variation and (ii) to identify changes of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) variability after natural selection. SSRs were applied to evaluate diversity within and among field pea (Pisum sativum L. var. arvense and sativum) groups/varieties. A total of 90 (alfalfa) or 92(red clover) polymorphic bands was found by RAPDs. Total number of SSR alleles recorded was 118. The average Rogers distance per species/genus estimated was 0.29 (red clover), 0.33 (alfalfa and 0.51 (field pea). 2D PCo analysis of each species/genus separated materials into respective groups. A high degree of genetic variation within populations/varieties of each investigated species was found by AMOVA. The correspondence between pairs of matrices based on the morphological and molecular data was significant (p=0.95) only for red clover. RAPD and SSR data have given valuable information on genetic structure of materials and provided a description that determines heterogeneity. Further studies will be focused on identifying quantitative trait loci and marker assisted selection.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
073-0000000-3535 - Procjena oplemenjivačke vrijednosti germplazme lucerne (Medicago spp.) (Svetislav Popović, )

Ustanove
Poljoprivredni institut Osijek

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Scopus