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Osteological and Dental Markers of Health in the Transition From the Late Antique to the Early Medieval Period in Croatia


Šlaus, Mario
Osteological and Dental Markers of Health in the Transition From the Late Antique to the Early Medieval Period in Croatia // American journal of physical anthropology, 136 (2008), 4; 455-469 doi:10.1002/ajpa.20829 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Osteological and Dental Markers of Health in the Transition From the Late Antique to the Early Medieval Period in Croatia

Autori
Šlaus, Mario

Izvornik
American journal of physical anthropology (0002-9483) 136 (2008), 4; 455-469

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Cribra orbitalia; LEH; periostitis; trauma; Europe

Sažetak
The purpose of this study is to analyze health at the transition from the Late Antique (LA) to the Early Medieval (EM) period in Croatia. Results of the analyses of skeletal remains are compared with historical and archaeological data to test the hypothesis that the transition was catastrophic. An additional objective is to determine whether the transition was a uniform process, or differentially affected the past inhabitants of Croatia because of various local considerations. To accomplish this, four markers of health: cribra orbitalia, linear enamel hypoplasia, nonspecific periostitis, and trauma were compared in 981 skeletons: 477 from nine urban LA sites, and 504 from six rural EM sites. Data were collected by sex and age for individual, and for cooccurrences of various features. Because continental and Adriatic Croatia has different ecological features, data were specifically tabulated for the two regions. Comparisons between the continental and Adriatic regions of the LA series showed no significant differences in the frequencies of the analyzed markers of stress. Comparisons between the LA and EM series showed similar frequencies in continental Croatia— suggesting no significant discontinuity of living conditions, and a significant increase of cribra orbitalia, periostitis, and trauma frequencies during the EM period in Adriatic Croatia. The deterioration of living conditions primarily affected subadults and males. These data suggest that the transition from the LA to the EM period in Croatia was not a uniform process, but differentially affected population biology most likely because of local cultural, socio-economical or political considerations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
101-1970677-0670 - Bioarheološka istraživanja srednjovjekovnih populacija Hrvatske (Mario Šlaus, )

Ustanove
Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mario Šlaus, (189976)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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