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Study of the reduction and reoxidation of substoichiometric magnetite

Gotić, Marijan; Koščec, Goran; Musić, Svetozar
Study of the reduction and reoxidation of substoichiometric magnetite // Journal of molecular structure, 924-926 (2009), SI; 347-354 doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2008.10.048 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Study of the reduction and reoxidation of substoichiometric magnetite

Gotić, Marijan ; Koščec, Goran ; Musić, Svetozar

Journal of molecular structure (0022-2860) 924-926 (2009), SI; 347-354

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Magnetite ; Maghemite ; Hematite ; Stoichiometry ; Mossbauer ; FT-IR

The commercial magnetite powder was characterised as substoichiometric magnetite (Fe2.93O4) with a small hematite fraction (∼7 wt%). It consisted of micrometer-sized particles of regular (octahedral) and irregular morphologies. Reference sample was subjected to reduction by hydrogen gas and reoxidation at a temperature of up to 600 °C. The oxidation experiments were performed in an oxygen stream. Reference sample oxidised to a maghemite– hematite mixture, whereas the fraction of each phase was very sensitive to the oxidation temperature. XRD and FT-IR spectroscopy indicated the superstructure character of obtained maghemite samples with the ordering of cation vacancies in the maghemite crystal lattice. Mössbauer spectroscopy was very sensitive to magnetite stoichiometry, however, it could not detect less than 10 wt% of hematite in the maghemite– hematite mixture. In reduction experiments, conditions for the reduction of reference sample to stoichiometric magnetite (Fe3.00O4) were found. The reduction was performed by hydrogen gas under static conditions (375 °C, 150 min). Under this static condition the relatively high amount of water condensed inside the evacuated quartz tube. The formation of water is due to the chemisorption of hydrogen molecules on the iron oxide, which then dissociate from iron oxide generating an intermediate hydroxyl group according to the general equations: 2O2-(s)+H2(g)→2OH-(s)+2e-and2OH-(s)→O2-(s)+□a+H2O(g), ; where (s) signifies a solid (hematite or substoichiometric magnetite), (g) a gas phase and □a an anionic vacancy formed in hematite or substoichiometric magnetite. Thus, in order to ensure a good reduction condition, water vapour was removed from the quartz tube and the tube was refilled with hydrogen gas every 30 min.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja

U radu su objavljeni rezultati diplomskog rada dipl. inž. Gorana Koščeca. Rad je prezentiran na skupu XXIX European Congress on Molecular Spectroscopy : Molecular Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure 2008, održanom od 31.08.-05.09.2008., Opatija, Hrvatska.


Projekt / tema

Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus