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Idiosyncratic Helix-Turn-Helix Motif in Methanosarcina barkeri Seryl-tRNA Synthetase Has a Critical Architectural Role


Bilokapić, Silvija; Ivić, Nives; Godinić-Mikulčić, Vlatka; Piantanida, Ivo; Ban, Nenad; Weygand-Đurašević, Ivana
Idiosyncratic Helix-Turn-Helix Motif in Methanosarcina barkeri Seryl-tRNA Synthetase Has a Critical Architectural Role // Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284 (2009), 16; 10706-10713 doi:10.1074/jbc.M808501200 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Idiosyncratic Helix-Turn-Helix Motif in Methanosarcina barkeri Seryl-tRNA Synthetase Has a Critical Architectural Role

Autori
Bilokapić, Silvija ; Ivić, Nives ; Godinić-Mikulčić, Vlatka ; Piantanida, Ivo ; Ban, Nenad ; Weygand-Đurašević, Ivana

Izvornik
Journal of Biological Chemistry (0021-9258) 284 (2009), 16; 10706-10713

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Seryl-tRNA synthetase; helix-turn-helix motif; domain interaction; heterodimer
(Seril-tRNA-sintetaza; motiv HTH; interakcije domena; heterodimer)

Sažetak
All seryl-tRNA synthetases (SerRSs) are functional homodimers with a C-terminal active site domain typical for class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and an N-terminal domain involved in tRNA binding. The recently solved three-dimensional structure of Methanosarcina barkeri SerRS revealed the idiosyncratic features of methanogenic-type SerRSs ; that is, an active site zinc ion, a unique tRNA binding domain, and an insertion of 30 residues in the catalytic domain, which adopt a helix-turn-helix (HTH) fold. Here, we present biochemical evidence for multiple roles of the HTH motif ; it is important for dimerization of the enzyme, contributes to the overall stability, and is critical for the proper positioning of the tRNA binding domain relative to the catalytic domain. The changes in intrinsic fluorescence during denaturation of the wild-type M. barkeri SerRS and of the mutated variant lacking the HTH motif combined with cross-linking and gel analysis of protein subunits during various stages of the unfolding process revealed significantly reduced stability of the mutant dimers. In vitro kinetic analysis of enzymes, mutated in one of the N-terminal helices and the HTH motif, shows impaired tRNA binding and aminoacylation and emphasizes the importance of this domain for the overall architecture of the enzyme. The role of the idiosyncratic HTH motif in dimer stabilization and association between the catalytic and tRNA binding domain has been additionally confirmed by a yeast two-hybrid approach. Furthermore, we provide experimental evidence that tRNA binds across the dimer.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
119-0982913-1358 - Strukturna raznolikost seril-tRNA sintetaza i točnost biosinteze proteina (Jasmina Rokov Plavec, )

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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