Pretražite po imenu i prezimenu autora, mentora, urednika, prevoditelja

Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 388422

Leaf anatomy and photosynthetic apparatus functioning of red and green laeves from single tre of "Crimson King" Norway maple


Štolfa, Ivna; Lepeduš, Hrvoje; Cesar, Vera; Ljubešić, Nikola
Leaf anatomy and photosynthetic apparatus functioning of red and green laeves from single tre of "Crimson King" Norway maple // Proceedings, 2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation / Gajović, Srećko (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatsko društvo za elektronsku mikroskopiju, 2006. str. 212-213 (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 388422 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Leaf anatomy and photosynthetic apparatus functioning of red and green laeves from single tre of "Crimson King" Norway maple

Autori
Štolfa, Ivna ; Lepeduš, Hrvoje ; Cesar, Vera ; Ljubešić, Nikola

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings, 2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation / Gajović, Srećko - Zagreb : Hrvatsko društvo za elektronsku mikroskopiju, 2006, 212-213

ISBN
953-99339-1-9

Skup
2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation

Mjesto i datum
Topusko, Hrvatska, 18.-21.05.2006

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Acer platanoides

Sažetak
Introduction: The "Crimson King" Norway maple (Acer platanoides "Crimson King") is a cultivar with large red leaves. Single tree had one branch witg green leaves beside normal red ones. Knowing that red color of these leaves originate from anthocyanin cyanidin-3-glycoside having ptotecting function on photosynthetic apparatus, the aim of our study was to explore the differences in photosynthetic apparatus functioning and leaf anatomy of red and gree leaves sampled from the same tree of "Crimson King" Norway maple. Materials and Methods: Red and green leaves were sampled in August 2005. Leaves were cut into small pieces, fixed in glutaraldehyde in cacodylate buffer, dehydrated and embedded in methacrylate resin for light microscopy or in Spur resin for electron microscopy. Measurements of different tissue areas were made on 3 ?m thick transversal sections of leaves stained with Toluidine blue O in benzoate buffer. Ultrastructure was observed using FEI Morgagni 268 D electron microscope. For the determination of photosynthetic pigments content maple leaves were macerated in liquid nitrogen, pigments were extracted with cold acetone and quantified spectrophotometricaly. Photosynthetic function of leaves was determined by measuring the maximum efficiency pf PS II (Fv/Fm) by saturating pulse method (Mini-PAM, Walz). Photosynthetic oxygen was measured with gas-phase Clark-type oxygen electrode at 0, 35, 150, 400 and 800 ?mol photons m-2s-1. Obtained data were processed using the Student`s T-test. Results: Red leaves of "Crimson King" Norway maple showed significantly higher levels of chlorophylls a (1, 11 mg/g) and b (0, 63 mg/g) than in green leaves (Chl a = 0, 91 mg/g ; Chl b = 0, 39 mg/g, while chlorophyll a to chlorophyll b ratio was lower in red ones than in greens (1, 77 in reds nd 2, 31 in greens). Total carotenoids in red leaves (0, 35 mg/g) were also higher than in green ones (0, 28 mg/g). The value for total chlorophyll to total carotenouds ratio showed no significant differencebetween red (4, 96) and green (4, 72) leaves. The Fv/Fm values (0, 80 in red and 0, 79 in green leaves) showed no significant difference, although the photosynthetic production of oxygen was significantly higher in green leaves at 150, 400 and 800 ?mol photons m-2s-1 (Fig. 1). In opposite, at low (35 ?mol photons m-2s-1) there was no significant difference between red and green leaves in photosynthetic oxygen production (Fig. 1). Histological measurements revealed that red leaves had significantly higher percent of upper epidermal tissue and spongy parenchyma, in total area of trasversal leaf cross-section, than green ones. In contrary, green leaves had significantly higher percent of palisade perenchyima and vascular tissue compared to red ones (Fig. 2) The portions of lower epidermal tissue and intercellular spaces area in total leaf cross-section , exibited no significant difference between red and green leaves (Fig. 2). Also, results pointed out that the cell area of upper epidermis was significantly higher in red (374, 4 ?m2) than in green leaves (275, 9 ?m2), although the values of lower epidermis cell area showed no significant difference between green (156, 6 ?m2) and red leaves (159, 4 ?m2). The investigations of ultrastructure revealed that chloroplasts in red leaves had more thylakoids per granum than chloroplasts in green leaves (Fig. 3). Chloroplasts of both, red and green leaves, had lot of globules. Conclusion: Obtained results show that red leawes act as shade ones what is connected with Chl a/Chl b ratio lowering and increased thylakoid number per granum. Differences were indicated in lower O2 production and higher relative area of spongy parenchyma as well as the increase of cell area in the upper epidermis and the area of upper epidermis itself, in red leaves compared to green ones from the same tree. the measuring of Fv/Fm pointed out fully functional photosystem Ii in both leaf types.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
0122016
0098073

Ustanove:
Poljoprivredni institut Osijek,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Štolfa, Ivna; Lepeduš, Hrvoje; Cesar, Vera; Ljubešić, Nikola
Leaf anatomy and photosynthetic apparatus functioning of red and green laeves from single tre of "Crimson King" Norway maple // Proceedings, 2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation / Gajović, Srećko (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatsko društvo za elektronsku mikroskopiju, 2006. str. 212-213 (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)
Štolfa, I., Lepeduš, H., Cesar, V. & Ljubešić, N. (2006) Leaf anatomy and photosynthetic apparatus functioning of red and green laeves from single tre of "Crimson King" Norway maple. U: Gajović, S. (ur.)Proceedings, 2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation.
@article{article, editor = {Gajovi\'{c}, S.}, year = {2006}, pages = {212-213}, keywords = {Acer platanoides}, isbn = {953-99339-1-9}, title = {Leaf anatomy and photosynthetic apparatus functioning of red and green laeves from single tre of "Crimson King" Norway maple}, keyword = {Acer platanoides}, publisher = {Hrvatsko dru\v{s}tvo za elektronsku mikroskopiju}, publisherplace = {Topusko, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, editor = {Gajovi\'{c}, S.}, year = {2006}, pages = {212-213}, keywords = {Acer platanoides}, isbn = {953-99339-1-9}, title = {Leaf anatomy and photosynthetic apparatus functioning of red and green laeves from single tre of "Crimson King" Norway maple}, keyword = {Acer platanoides}, publisher = {Hrvatsko dru\v{s}tvo za elektronsku mikroskopiju}, publisherplace = {Topusko, Hrvatska} }




Contrast
Increase Font
Decrease Font
Dyslexic Font