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Frequencies of stable and unstable chromosomal aberrations in Iymphocytes of workers employed in carbamate production


Želježić, Davor; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana; Fučić, Aleksandra; Mladinić, Marin; Berend, Suzana; Radić, Božica; Kopjar, Nevenka
Frequencies of stable and unstable chromosomal aberrations in Iymphocytes of workers employed in carbamate production // Toxicology Letters, Abstarcts of the 45th Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology / Tsatsakis, Aristidis M., Liesivuori, Jyrki (ur.).
Rodos, Grčka, 2008. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Frequencies of stable and unstable chromosomal aberrations in Iymphocytes of workers employed in carbamate production

Autori
Želježić, Davor ; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana ; Fučić, Aleksandra ; Mladinić, Marin ; Berend, Suzana ; Radić, Božica ; Kopjar, Nevenka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Toxicology Letters, Abstarcts of the 45th Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology / Tsatsakis, Aristidis M., Liesivuori, Jyrki - , 2008

Skup
45th Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology

Mjesto i datum
Rodos, Grčka, 05-08.10.2008

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Carbamate; chromosomal abberations; lymphocytes

Sažetak
Carbamates are efficient pesticides widely used in agriculture. Their use began in the 1950s, and presently approximately 25 carbamate compounds are available on the market. Several epidemiologi¬ ; cal studies indicated possible correlation between occupational exposure to carbamates and increased risk of malignancies (non¬ ; Hodgkin's lymphoma, lung and rectal cancer). Present study comprised 20 workers employed in production of carbamates, and 20 control subjects with no record of exposure to known geno¬ ; toxic agents. Examinees are matched with control subjects by age (44.5 ± ; 10.22 vs. 43.9± ; 6.29, respectively), sex (9 females ; 11 males), and smoking (9 smokers ; 11 non-smokers). To determine translocation yield we used whole-chromosome paint probes for chromosomes 1, 2 and 4, and compared it with the resuits of the standard chromosomal aberration analysis. For each subject not less tha n 1000 metaphases were analysed. Translocation fre¬ ; quencies were calculated according to Lucas et al. (1992). Among workers significant increase in chromatid breaks (4.70 ± ; 1.95) com¬ ; pared to the control (2.10 ± ; 0.91) was found while other types of unstable aberrations did not differ significantly. Genomic frequency of translocations per cell was significantly elevated (exposed 0.0110 ± ; 0.0052 ; control 0.0054 ± ; 0.0026). Distribution of translo¬ ; cations among chromosomes 1, 2 and 4 did not differ from the one detected in control subjeets and matched DNA fraction for selected chromosomes. Since the translocation yield showed good correlation with years spent in carbamate production (R=0.53 ; p=0.028) we may conclude that exposure to this group of pesticide could pose a risk to genome integrity.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222148-2137 - Genotoksičnost kemijskih i fizikalnih agensa prirodnog i antropogenog podrijetla (Vilena Kašuba, )
022-0222148-2139 - Terapijski učinak novosintetiziranih spojeva pri otrovanju organofosfatima (Ana Lucić Vrdoljak, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE