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Cylindrical and Spherical Pistons as Drivers of MHD Shocks


Žic, Tomislav; Vršnak, Bojan; Temmer, Manuela; Jacobs, Carla
Cylindrical and Spherical Pistons as Drivers of MHD Shocks // Solar Physics, 253 (2008), 1-2; 237-247 doi:10.1007/s11207-008-9173-0 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Cylindrical and Spherical Pistons as Drivers of MHD Shocks

Autori
Žic, Tomislav ; Vršnak, Bojan ; Temmer, Manuela ; Jacobs, Carla

Izvornik
Solar Physics (0038-0938) 253 (2008), 1-2; 237-247

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Shock waves; Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Sun: corona; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: flares

Sažetak
We consider an expanding three-dimensional (3-D) piston as a driver of an MHD shock wave. It is assumed that the source-region surface accelerates over a certain time interval to achieve a particular maximum velocity. Such an expansion creates a large-amplitude wave in the ambient plasma. Owing to the nonlinear evolution of the wavefront, its profile steepens and after a certain time and distance a discontinuity forms, marking the onset of the shock formation. We investigate how the formation time and distance depend on the acceleration phase duration, the maximum expansion velocity (defining also acceleration), the Alfvén velocity (defining also Mach number), and the initial size of the piston. The model differs from the 1-D case, since in the 3-D evolution, a decrease of the wave amplitude with distance must be taken into account. We present basic results, focusing on the timing of the shock formation in the low- and high-plasma-beta environment. We find that the shockformation time and the shock-formation distance are (1) approximately proportional to the acceleration phase duration ; (2) shorter for a higher expansion velocity ; (3) larger in a higher Alfvén speed environment ; (4) only weakly dependent on the initial source size ; (5) shorter for a stronger acceleration ; and (6) shorter for a larger Alfvén Mach number of the source surface expansion. To create a shock causing a high-frequency type II burst and the Moreton wave, the source region expansion should, according to our results, achieve a velocity on the order of 1000 km s− 1 within a few minutes, in a low Alfvén velocity environment.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
007-0000000-1362 - Eruptivni procesi u Sunčevoj atmosferi (Bojan Vršnak, )

Ustanove
Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Bojan Vršnak (autor)

Avatar Url Tomislav Žic (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Žic, Tomislav; Vršnak, Bojan; Temmer, Manuela; Jacobs, Carla
Cylindrical and Spherical Pistons as Drivers of MHD Shocks // Solar Physics, 253 (2008), 1-2; 237-247 doi:10.1007/s11207-008-9173-0 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Žic, T., Vršnak, B., Temmer, M. & Jacobs, C. (2008) Cylindrical and Spherical Pistons as Drivers of MHD Shocks. Solar Physics, 253 (1-2), 237-247 doi:10.1007/s11207-008-9173-0.
@article{article, year = {2008}, pages = {237-247}, DOI = {10.1007/s11207-008-9173-0}, keywords = {Shock waves, Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Sun: corona, Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs), Sun: flares}, journal = {Solar Physics}, doi = {10.1007/s11207-008-9173-0}, volume = {253}, number = {1-2}, issn = {0038-0938}, title = {Cylindrical and Spherical Pistons as Drivers of MHD Shocks}, keyword = {Shock waves, Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Sun: corona, Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs), Sun: flares} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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  • NASA ADS


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