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Mahovina u radiološkom monitoringu


Marović, Gordana; Franić, Zdenko; Senčar, Jasminka
Mahovina u radiološkom monitoringu // Zbornik radova VII. simpozija Hrvatskog društva za zaštitu od zračenja s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem / Barišić, Delko ; Grahek, Željko ; Krajcar Bronić, Ines ; Miljanić, Saveta (ur.).
Zagreb, Hrvatska: HDZZ-CRPA, 2008. str. 230-235 (predavanje, domaća recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Mahovina u radiološkom monitoringu
(Mosses in Radioactive Monitoring)

Autori
Marović, Gordana ; Franić, Zdenko ; Senčar, Jasminka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Zbornik radova VII. simpozija Hrvatskog društva za zaštitu od zračenja s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem / Barišić, Delko ; Grahek, Željko ; Krajcar Bronić, Ines ; Miljanić, Saveta - Zagreb, Hrvatska : HDZZ-CRPA, 2008, 230-235

ISBN
978-953-96133-6-3

Skup
VII. simpozij Hrvatskog društva za zaštitu od zračenja s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 29-31.05.2008

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Radioaktivnost; 137Cs; ekološko vrijeme poluraspada; mahovine
(Radioactivity; 137Cs; Ecological half-life; Risk; Moss)

Sažetak
Mosses, lichens and perennial plants, all characterized by slow growth, are able to efficiently accumulate different radionuclides from their environment to a much higher degree than other vegetation. Consequently, they are sensitive bioindicators of radioactive contamination for various ecosystems. Results of systematic, long-term measurements of 137Cs activities in mosses for the period 1986-2007 are summarized. The study was conducted in the Radiation Protection Unit of the Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health in Zagreb, as a part of an extensive monitoring program of the Croatian environment. In the overall observed period the highest activity concentration of 137Cs deposited by fallout has been recorded in 1986, which is the year of Chernobyl accident, causing peak 137Cs activity concentration in moss of 8800 Bqkg-1 in May 1986. Mean value for period 1986-1990 was 3423 Bqkg-1. For comparison, in the same period mean 137Cs activity concentration in grass was 390 Bqkg-1. In 1990s, ten year after Chornobyl accident, mean 137Cs activity concentration in moss was 1345 Bqkg-1, with maximum value of 3940 Bqkg-1 (December 1994). In 2000s, mean 137Cs activity concentration in mosses was 172 Bqkg-1 with maximum value of 955 Bqkg-1 (July 2002). Fitting the measured 137Cs activity concentrations to the theoretical curve (1) the ecological half-life of 137Cs in moss was found to be about 978 days, while in grass was found to be about 126 days in the period 1986-1990. The ecological half-life of 137Cs in grass after 1991 was found to be about 2503 days. The ecological half-life of 137Cs in moss is about eight times higher than 137Cs ecological half-life observed in grass in the first period after the Chernobyl accident.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222882-2335 - RADIOAKTIVNOST OKOLIŠA I ZAŠTITA OD ZRAČENJA (Gordana Marović, )
022-0222882-2823 - Radioekologija Jadranskoga mora i priobalja (Zdenko Franić, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb