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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 372414

Cardiovascular effects in vitro of aqueous extract of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves

Mudnić, Ivana; Modun, Darko; Brizić, Ivica; Vuković, Jonatan; Generalić, Ivana; Katalinić, Višnja; Bilušić, Tea; Ljubenkov , Ivica; Boban, Mladen
Cardiovascular effects in vitro of aqueous extract of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves // Phytomedicine, 16 (2009), 462-469 doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2008.11.004 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Cardiovascular effects in vitro of aqueous extract of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves

Mudnić, Ivana ; Modun, Darko ; Brizić, Ivica ; Vuković, Jonatan ; Generalić, Ivana ; Katalinić, Višnja ; Bilušić, Tea ; Ljubenkov , Ivica ; Boban, Mladen

Phytomedicine (0944-7113) 16 (2009); 462-469

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Wild strawberry leaves; hawthorn; aqueous extract; vasodilation; phenolics

In contrast to the strawberry fruits, strawberry leaves as a source of bioactive compounds with potentially beneficial biological effects have been largely overlooked. In this study we examined direct, dose dependent effects of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves aqueous extract, in two experimental models and animal species, the isolated guinea pig hearts and rat aortic rings. Vasodilatory potential of the wild strawberry leaves extract was compared with vasodilatory activity of aqueous extract of hawthorn (Crataegus oxycantha, L) leaves with flowers, which can be regarded as a reference plant extract with a marked vasodilatory activity. The extracts were analysed by their “ phenolic fingerprint” , total phenolic content and antioxidative capacity. Their vasodilatory activity was determined and compared in the intact, isolated aortic rings from 24 rats, that were exposed to the extracts doses of 0.06, 0.6, 6, and 60 mg/100 ml. Both extracts induced similar, dose dependent vasodilation. Maximal relaxation was 72.2 ± ; ; ; ; 4.4 % and 81.3 ± ; ; ; ; 4.5 %, induced by the strawberry and hawthorn extract, respectively. To determine vasodilatory mechanisms of the wild strawberry leaves extract, endothelium– denuded and intact rings exposed to NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME or cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin were used. Removal of the endothelium prevented and exposure to L-NAME or indomethacin strongly diminished the vasodilatatory response to the extract. In the isolated hearts (n=12), the wild strawberry extract was applied at concentrations of 0.06, 0.18, 0.6, and 1.8 mg/100 ml. Each dose was perfused for 3.5 minutes with 15 minutes of washout periods. Heart contractility, electrophysiological activity, coronary flow and oxygen consumption were continuously monitored. The extract did not significantly affect heart rate and contractility, main parameters of the cardiac action that determine oxygen demands, while coronary flow increased up to 45 % over control value with a simultaneous decrease of oxygen extraction by 34 %. The results indicate that the aqueous extract of wild strawberry leaves is an effective direct, endothelium dependent vasodilator, action of which is mediated by NO and cyclooxygenase products and which potency is similar to that of the hawthorn aqueous extract.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Prehrambena tehnologija


Projekt / tema
011-2160547-2226 - Prirodni izvori resveratrola i njegov sinergijski učinak s drugim polifenolima (Višnja Katalinić, )
216-2160547-0537 - Kardiovaskularni učinci vina i njegovih sastojaka (Mladen Boban, )

Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet, Split,
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:

  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus

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