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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 369140

Plant Use at Grapčeva Cave and in the Eastern Adriatic Neolithic


Borojević, Ksenija; Forenbaher, Stašo; Kaiser, Timothy; Berna, Francesco
Plant Use at Grapčeva Cave and in the Eastern Adriatic Neolithic // Journal of Field Archaeology, 33 (2008), 3; 279-303 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 369140 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Plant Use at Grapčeva Cave and in the Eastern Adriatic Neolithic

Autori
Borojević, Ksenija ; Forenbaher, Stašo ; Kaiser, Timothy ; Berna, Francesco

Izvornik
Journal of Field Archaeology (0093-4690) 33 (2008), 3; 279-303

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Neolithic; Paleobotany; Adriatic; Cave
(Journal of Field Archaeology)

Sažetak
Plant macroremains were recovered during the renewed excavation at Grapčeva Špilja, a cave on the island of Hvar in Croatia. This is the first archaeoboatnical investigation on an eastern Adriatic island to use flotation samples. Samples were taken from layers dating from the Early Neolithic to the Middle Bronze Age (ca. 6000– 1500 B.C.). Sixteen radiocarbon dates obtained from wood charcoal date the samples precisely. Detailed archaeobotanical analyses of plant macroremains reveal plant use during the occupation of the cave, with the highest density of plant remains in the Neolithic. Oak acorns were the most abundant plant remains. Finds of two types of juniper berry cones, various parts of gymnosperm cones, and cypress seeds and leaves indicate that the Mediterranean evergreen woodland was exploited. Remains of cultivated plants are rare. A small number of cereal grains, including emmer, einkorn, and possibly bread wheat were recovered from the Neolithic layers, as well as a few wheat grains from later horizons. Remains of typical wild Mediterranean fruits included almond nutshell fragments, a grape pip, and a fig seed. These finds indicate that the occupants of Grapčeva utilized processed crops but also gathered plants from the wild for food, fuel, and perhaps ritual. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis was performed in order to assess charred versus mineralized preservation. Macroplant remains from Grapčeva were compared to the few available plant analyses from the eastern Adriatic. This comparison provides evidence that caves had different functions both from each other and from open-air sites. The plant remains are discussed in the context of the spread of farming on both sides of the Adriatic.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
196-1962766-2740 - Kulturalne promjene i dinamika arheoloških populacija na istočnom Jadranu (Forenbaher, Stašo, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Institut za antropologiju

Profili:

Avatar Url Stašo Forenbaher (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Borojević, Ksenija; Forenbaher, Stašo; Kaiser, Timothy; Berna, Francesco
Plant Use at Grapčeva Cave and in the Eastern Adriatic Neolithic // Journal of Field Archaeology, 33 (2008), 3; 279-303 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Borojević, K., Forenbaher, S., Kaiser, T. & Berna, F. (2008) Plant Use at Grapčeva Cave and in the Eastern Adriatic Neolithic. Journal of Field Archaeology, 33 (3), 279-303.
@article{article, author = {Borojevi\'{c}, Ksenija and Forenbaher, Sta\v{s}o and Kaiser, Timothy and Berna, Francesco}, year = {2008}, pages = {279-303}, keywords = {Neolithic, Paleobotany, Adriatic, Cave}, journal = {Journal of Field Archaeology}, volume = {33}, number = {3}, issn = {0093-4690}, title = {Plant Use at Grap\v{c}eva Cave and in the Eastern Adriatic Neolithic}, keyword = {Neolithic, Paleobotany, Adriatic, Cave} }
@article{article, author = {Borojevi\'{c}, Ksenija and Forenbaher, Sta\v{s}o and Kaiser, Timothy and Berna, Francesco}, year = {2008}, pages = {279-303}, keywords = {Journal of Field Archaeology}, journal = {Journal of Field Archaeology}, volume = {33}, number = {3}, issn = {0093-4690}, title = {Plant Use at Grap\v{c}eva Cave and in the Eastern Adriatic Neolithic}, keyword = {Journal of Field Archaeology} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus





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