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Differential effects of diazepam treatment and withdrawal on recombinant GABAA receptor expression and functional coupling


Švob Štrac, Dubravka; Vlainić Lazić, Josipa; Jazvinšćak Jembrek, Maja; Peričić Danka
Differential effects of diazepam treatment and withdrawal on recombinant GABAA receptor expression and functional coupling // Brain research, 1246 (2008), 29-40 doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2008.09.093 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Differential effects of diazepam treatment and withdrawal on recombinant GABAA receptor expression and functional coupling

Autori
Švob Štrac, Dubravka ; Vlainić Lazić, Josipa ; Jazvinšćak Jembrek, Maja ; Peričić Danka

Izvornik
Brain research (0006-8993) 1246 (2008); 29-40

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Diazepam treatment ; withdrawal ; recombinant GABAA receptor ; HEK 293 cells ; ligand binding ; mRNA and protein expression

Sažetak
Prolonged exposure to benzodiazepines, drugs known to produce tolerance and dependence and also to be abused, leads to adaptive changes in GABAA receptors. To further explore the mechanisms responsible for these phenomena, we studied the effects of prolonged diazepam treatment on the recombinant α 1β 2γ 2S GABAA receptors, stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. The results demonstrating that long-term (48 and 72 h) exposure of cells to a high concentration of diazepam (50 μ M) enhanced the maximum number (Bmax) of [3H]flunitrazepam, [3H]muscimol and [3H]t-butylbicycloorthobenzoate ([3H]TBOB) binding sites, without changing their affinity (Kd), suggested the up-regulation of GABAA receptors. As demonstrated by cell counting and WST-1 proliferation assay, the observed increase in receptor expression was not a consequence of stimulated growth of cells exposed to diazepam. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, showing elevated levels of α 1 subunit mRNA as well as β 2 and γ 2 subunit proteins, respectively, suggested that prolonged high dose diazepam treatment induced de novo receptor synthesis by acting at both transcriptional and translational levels. The finding that the number of GABAA receptor binding sites returned to control value 24 h following diazepam withdrawal, makes this process less likely to account for the development of benzodiazepine tolerance and dependence. On the other hand, the results demonstrating that observed functional uncoupling between GABA and benzodiazepine binding sites persisted after the termination of diazepam treatment supported the hypothesis of its possible role in these phenomena.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0000000-2448 - Stres, GABA-A receptori i mehanizmi djelovanja neuropsihofarmaka (Dubravka Švob Štrac, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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