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Life Goals and Well-Being - 'American Dream' in other Cultures

Brdar, Ingrid; Rijavec, Majda; Miljković, Dubravka
Life Goals and Well-Being - 'American Dream' in other Cultures // 4th European Conference of Positive Psychology : Book of abstracts / Brdar, Ingrid (ur.).
Rijeka: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, 2008. str. 97-97 (plenarno, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)

Life Goals and Well-Being - 'American Dream' in other Cultures

Brdar, Ingrid ; Rijavec, Majda ; Miljković, Dubravka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

4th European Conference of Positive Psychology : Book of abstracts / Brdar, Ingrid - Rijeka : Faculty of Arts and Sciences, 2008, 97-97


European Conference on Positive Psychology (4 ; 2008 ; Opatija)

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 01.-04.07.2008

Vrsta sudjelovanja

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Life goals; well-being; cultural differences

Kasser and Ryan (1993, 1996, 2001) distinguish between intrinsic goals (such as those involving emotional intimacy, community service, and personal growth), whose contents are hypothesized to be naturally consistent with human nature and needs, and extrinsic goals (such as those involving financial success, physical attractiveness, and social fame/popularity), which are less consistent with positive human nature. Pursuit of happiness focused on extrinsic aspirations, like wealth, image or fame, as a path to good life is often referred to as the American dream. Research has shown that these two types of goals relate in different ways to personal well-being (Kasser & Ryan, 1993, 1996, 2001 ; 1998 ; Ryan et al., 1999). The investment in, or success at intrinsic goals (those closely related to basic needs) is associated with enhanced well-being. On the other hand, investment in and/or success at extrinsic goals (those presumes to be unrelated to basic needs) does not enhance, and often detracts from, well-being. But we must not forget that people life aspirations partly reflect the cultural and economic systems in which they live. Some cultures give priority to the individual and others to the group. In individualistic cultures such as the United States, there is an emphasis on a person's internal feelings and thoughts, and the individual has relatively more freedom. In collectivistic cultures, priority is given to the group, person's family and friends. In addition to that, although research in western countries suggest that an emphasis on extrinsic goals has negative influence on well-being the generalizability of this effect has not as yet been widely tested. However, some research suggest that there may be a difference in meaning and effects of extrinsic goals in non-western countries.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Projekt / tema
009-0342618-2193 - Odrednice optimalnog razvoja i psihološke dobrobiti adolescenata (Ingrid Brdar, )

Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka