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The Carbon-Skeleton Rearrangement in Tropane Alkaloid Biosynthesis


Sandala, Gregory M.; Smith, David; Radom, Leo
The Carbon-Skeleton Rearrangement in Tropane Alkaloid Biosynthesis // Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130 (2008), 32; 10684-10690 doi:10.1021/ja801869a (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The Carbon-Skeleton Rearrangement in Tropane Alkaloid Biosynthesis

Autori
Sandala, Gregory M. ; Smith, David ; Radom, Leo

Izvornik
Journal of the American Chemical Society (0002-7863) 130 (2008), 32; 10684-10690

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Quantum chemistry; alkaloid biosynthesis

Sažetak
High-level quantum chemistry calculations have been performed to examine the carbon-skeleton rearrangement of the tropane alkaloid littorine to hyoscyamine. Two pathways involving radical and carbocation intermediates have been investigated in this regard, namely, stepwise(or fragmentation-recombination) and concerted. The fragmentation products are calculated to be of high energy for both the radical- and carbocation-based mechanisms (136.3 and 170.9 kJ mol-1, respectively). Similarly, the rearrangement barrier for the radical-based concerted pathway is calculated to be quite high (135.6 kJ mol-1). In contrast, the carbocation-based concerted pathway is found to be associated with a relatively low barrier (47.4 kJ mol-1). The ionization energy of the substrate-derived radical 3a is calculated to be 7.01 eV, suggesting that its oxidation to generate the substrate-derived carbocation 3b ought to be facile. In an attempt to investigate how an enzyme might modulate the rearrangement barriers, the separate and combined influences of partially protonating the migrating group and partially deprotonating the spectator OH group of the substrate were investigated. Such interactions can lead to significant reductions in the earrangement barrier for both the radical- and carbocation-based concerted pathways, although the carbocation pathway continues to have significantly lower energy requirements. Also, the relatively high (gas-phase) acidity of the OH group of the product-related carbocation 4b indicates that the direct formation of hyoscyamine aldehyde (6) is a highly exothermic process. Although we would not wish to rule out alternative possibilities, our calculations suggest that a concerted rearrangement mechanism involving carbocations constitutes a viable low-energy pathway for the carbon-skeleton rearrangement in tropane alkaloid biosynthesis.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982933-2937 - Računalno proučavanje strukture i funkcije proteina (David Matthew Smith, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
David Matthew Smith, (260506)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI


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