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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 363219

Gender differences in spousal household material status estimation

Kolčić, Ivana; Polašek, Ozren; Rudan, Igor
Gender differences in spousal household material status estimation // Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63 (2009), 2; 175-176 (međunarodna recenzija, pismo, znanstveni)

Gender differences in spousal household material status estimation

Kolčić, Ivana ; Polašek, Ozren ; Rudan, Igor

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (0143-005X) 63 (2009), 2; 175-176

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pismo, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Gender; spousal households; socio-economic status

Gender differences in socio-economic inequalities in mortality are well known (1). However, gender differences in self-reported socio-economic status in public health surveys were much less investigated. We aimed to compare the material status estimates provided by men and women in spousal pairs, obtained from the larger genetic epidemiology study in Croatia that was focusing on the families thus enabling spousal pairs analysis. A total of 182 spousal pairs from the Adriatic island of Vis were included in the study. Household material status was estimated as the equally weighted sum of 16 questions on various items that were either present or absent from the household, as in our previous study (2). Examinees were also asked to provide the information on their education level (years of schooling). Additionally, we asked examinees to provide information on three questions that were used as controls: examinee&#8217; s marital age, their spouse&#8217; s marital age and number of children they have. The data were analysed with the paired non-parametric Wilcoxon test. The results indicated no gender difference in any of the three control questions. As expected on the basis of the official Census of population data (3), men had significantly higher education levels than women (mean for men 10.5&#177; ; 3.2, for women 9.6&#177; ; 3.3 years P<0.001). Additionally, men provided significantly higher self-reported material status estimates than women (10.1&#177; ; 2.2 for men, 9.8&#177; ; 2.4 for women P=0.027). This result indicates that either men were prone to overestimation, or women were prone to underestimation of the household material status. Theoretically, the only way to further explore these differences would be to compare the responses with the actual household, which was well beyond the scope of this study. The finding of unequal gender estimates in this population are even more interesting knowing that we had previously described high level of socio-economic homogeneity and virtual lack of health inequalities in the Vis Island population (2). Admittedly, these results might be confined to the investigated island population and not very prevalent in other populations. Nevertheless, we propose that differences in self-reported socio-economic estimates depending on the examinee&#8217; s gender should be taken into account, especially in studies that use gender-dependent socio-economic estimates in pooled analyses.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita


Projekt / tema
216-1080315-0302 - Odrednice zdravlja i bolesti u općoj i izoliranim ljudskim populacijama (Ozren Polašek, )

Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus

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