Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 361012

In silico design of novel 'nearly-natural' products


Hranueli, Daslav; Starčević, Antonio; Žučko, Jurica; Elbekali, Mouhsine; Šimunković, Jurica; Cullum, John
In silico design of novel 'nearly-natural' products // Natural Products Discovery and Production II : Celebrating the Successes of traditional and Novel Culture Sources : Program and Abstracts / Junker, Beth ; Westpheling, Janet (ur.).
New York: Engineering Conference International, 2008. str. 28-28 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
In silico design of novel 'nearly-natural' products

Autori
Hranueli, Daslav ; Starčević, Antonio ; Žučko, Jurica ; Elbekali, Mouhsine ; Šimunković, Jurica ; Cullum, John

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Natural Products Discovery and Production II : Celebrating the Successes of traditional and Novel Culture Sources : Program and Abstracts / Junker, Beth ; Westpheling, Janet - New York : Engineering Conference International, 2008, 28-28

Skup
Natural Products Discovery and Production II : Celebrating the Successes of traditional and Novel Culture Sources

Mjesto i datum
Whistler, British Columbia, Kanada, 22.– 26.06.2008

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Polyketides; non-ribosomal peptides; Actinobacteria; metagenomes; genomes; gene clusters

Sažetak
Traditional screening has been immensely successful in identifying valuable secondary metabolites. Polyketides are a very important class of natural products and modular polyketide synthases (PKS) have a building block structure that makes them an inviting target for genetic manipulation. In vitro genetics has been successful in achieving desired compounds, but the yield is often extremely low. The natural evolution of modular systems must involve homologous recombination. We have been modeling recombination in silico in the expectation that homologous recombination will produce more compatible junctions than in vitro manipulations and, thus, better yields. Molecular genetic methods are available in Streptomyces and related genera, which would allow the laboratory realization of the in silico constructs. The program suite CompGen generates potential recombinants from PKS clusters. The clusters are held in a special database, which links DNA sequence to the biosynthetic order and, thus, allows prediction of the chemical structure of novel products. CompGen shows that the number of good sites for homologous recombination between clusters is usually low and, thus, produces a strongly selected set of product molecules, which are likely to mimic those that are available in nature. 16 well annotated clusters were used to test the program and 216 recombination sites were predicted in the total of 120 possible cluster pairs. A second program suite ClustScan was developed to analyze DNA sequences and annotate modular PKS clusters. The specificity of the modules is predicted from published knowledge about PKS proteins and new analyses are done to identify amino acid residues involved in specificity. This predicts the structure of the products including the stereochemistry. As the prediction is based on identification of critical amino acid residues rather than similarity with known PKS clusters, it is particularly useful for novel clusters that are not closely related to known clusters. ClustScan can output the predicted chemical structure as an isomeric SMILES (Simplified Molecular Input Line Entry System) allowing analysis by further chemistry-based programs. ClustScan was initially developed to build the database for CompGen, but is useful in its own right for annotating the ever growing flood of PKS sequences in the DNA databases. The modular biosynthetic clusters in an actinomycete genome sequence can be annotated by a single person in about 3 hours. The ClustScan and CompGen program packages will be demonstrated online during the meeting. To download ClustScan and access services, one should go to the Web site http://reg.bioserv.pbf.hr/.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija, Biotehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
058-0000000-3475 - Generiranje potencijalnih lijekova u uvjetima in silico (Daslav Hranueli, )
0982560

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb