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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 358995

Gender differences in in-hospital mortality and mechanisms of death after the first acute myocardial infarction


Fabijanić, Damir; Čulić, Viktor; Božić, Ivo; Mirić, Dinko; Stojanović-Stipić, Sanda; Radić, Mislav; Vučinović, Zoran
Gender differences in in-hospital mortality and mechanisms of death after the first acute myocardial infarction // Annals of Saudi medicine, 26 (2006), 6; 455-460 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Gender differences in in-hospital mortality and mechanisms of death after the first acute myocardial infarction

Autori
Fabijanić, Damir ; Čulić, Viktor ; Božić, Ivo ; Mirić, Dinko ; Stojanović-Stipić, Sanda ; Radić, Mislav ; Vučinović, Zoran

Izvornik
Annals of Saudi medicine (0256-4947) 26 (2006), 6; 455-460

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Myocardial infarction; gender; mortality

Sažetak
There are conflicting data about gender differences in short-term mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after adjusting for age and other prognostic factors. Therefore, we investigated the risk profile, clinical presentation, in-hospital mortality and mechanisms of death in women and men after the first AMI. The data were obtained from a chart review of 3382 consecutive patients, 1184 (35%) women (69.7+/-10.9 years) and 2198 (65%) men (63.5+/-11.8 years) with a first AMI. The effect of gender and its interaction with age, risk factors and thrombolytic therapy on overall mortality and mechanisms of death were examined using logistic regression. Unadjusted in-hospital mortality was higher in women (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.47-2.15). Adjustment that included both age only and age and other baseline differences (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, AMI type, AMI site, mean peak CK value, thrombolytic therapy) decreased the magnitude of the relative risk of women to men but did not eliminate it (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.03-1.54 and OR 1.31 95% CI 1.03-1.66, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that female gender was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality after the first AMI. Women were dying more often because of mechanical complications - refractory pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock (P=0.02) or electromechanical dissociation (P=0.03), and men were dying mostly by arrhythmic death, primary ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (P=0.002). Female gender was independently associated with mechanical death (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.35-2.58 ; P=0.01) and anterior AMI was independently associated with arrhythmic death (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.34-0.86 ; P=0.01). Our results demonstrate significant differences in mechanisms of in-hospital death after the first AMI in women and men, suggesting the possibility that higher in-hospital mortality in women exists primarily because of the postponing AMI death due to the gender-related differences in susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias following acute coronary events.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • MEDLINE