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The "Chaos Theory" and nonlinear dynamics in heart rate variability analysis: does it work in short-time series in patients with coronary heart disease?


Krstačić, Goran; Krstačić, Antonija; Šmalcelj, Anton; Miličić, Davor; Jembrek-Gostović, Mirjana
The "Chaos Theory" and nonlinear dynamics in heart rate variability analysis: does it work in short-time series in patients with coronary heart disease? // Annals of noninvasive electrocardiology, 12 (2007), 2; 130-136 doi:10.1111/j.1542-474X.2007.00151.x (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The "Chaos Theory" and nonlinear dynamics in heart rate variability analysis: does it work in short-time series in patients with coronary heart disease?

Autori
Krstačić, Goran ; Krstačić, Antonija ; Šmalcelj, Anton ; Miličić, Davor ; Jembrek-Gostović, Mirjana

Izvornik
Annals of noninvasive electrocardiology (1082-720X) 12 (2007), 2; 130-136

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Nonlinear dynamics ; electrocardiography

Sažetak
Dynamic analysis techniques may quantify abnormalities in heart rate variability (HRV) based on nonlinear and fractal analysis (chaos theory). The article emphasizes clinical and prognostic significance of dynamic changes in short-time series applied on patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) during the exercise electrocardiograph (ECG) test. The subjects were included in the series after complete cardiovascular diagnostic data. Series of R-R and ST-T intervals were obtained from exercise ECG data after sampling digitally. The range rescaled analysis method determined the fractal dimension of the intervals. To quantify fractal long-range correlation's properties of heart rate variability, the detrended fluctuation analysis technique was used. Approximate entropy (ApEn) was applied to quantify the regularity and complexity of time series, as well as unpredictability of fluctuations in time series. It was found that the short-term fractal scaling exponent (alpha(1)) is significantly lower in patients with CHD (0.93 +/- 0.07 vs 1.09 +/- 0.04 ; P < 0.001). The patients with CHD had higher fractal dimension in each exercise test program separately, as well as in exercise program at all. ApEn was significant lower in CHD group in both RR and ST-T ECG intervals (P < 0.001). The nonlinear dynamic methods could have clinical and prognostic applicability also in short-time ECG series. Dynamic analysis based on chaos theory during the exercise ECG test point out the multifractal time series in CHD patients who loss normal fractal characteristics and regularity in HRV. Nonlinear analysis technique may complement traditional ECG analysis.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Matematika, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1080135-0126 - Regionalna distribucija čimbenika rizika u hospitaliziranih koronarnih bolesnika (Mijo Bergovec, )
108-1081875-1927 - Zatajivanje srca u Hrvatskoj (Ivo Čikeš, )
108-1081875-1993 - Otpornost na antitrombocitne lijekove u ishemijskoj bolesti srca i mozga (Davor Miličić, )
108-1081875-2001 - Atrijska fibrilacija: od genoma do fenotipa i kliničke slike (Anton Šmalcelj, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Sveučilište Libertas

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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