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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 352325

Antibiotic prophylaxis in clean-contaminated head and neck oncological surgery


Skitarelić, Neven; Morović, Miro; Manestar, Darko
Antibiotic prophylaxis in clean-contaminated head and neck oncological surgery // Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 35 (2007), 1; 15-20 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 352325 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Antibiotic prophylaxis in clean-contaminated head and neck oncological surgery

Autori
Skitarelić, Neven ; Morović, Miro ; Manestar, Darko

Izvornik
Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery (1010-5182) 35 (2007), 1; 15-20

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
antibiotic; clean-contaminated; prophylaxis; oncology; surgery

Sažetak
Background: Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis has significantly reduced wound infection rates in clean-contaminated head and neck surgical procedures but controversy still remains regarding the optimal antibiotic regime. Objective: To examine the efficacy of different antibiotics in head and neck oncological surgery prophylaxis. Patients and Methods: In this prospective, double-blind clinical trial, 189 patients with carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract were randomized to receive amoxicillin-clavulanate or cefazolin intravenously up to 1h before surgery and at 8-h intervals for an additional three doses. Results: An overall wound infection rate of 22% was observed. The infection rate in patients receiving cefazolin was 24% (22/92) vs. 21% (20/97) in those receiving amoxicillin-clavulanate ; the difference was not statistically significant. Postoperative overall non-wound infection developed in 12% (22/189) patients ; the rate of infection was 9.8% (9/92) in patients receiving cefazolin vs. 13.4% (13/97) in those receiving amoxicillin-clavulanate, without a statistically significant difference between the two groups. Gram-negative bacteria were more often isolated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa as the dominant species. The risk of postoperative infection was more influenced by the type of surgical procedure than by disease stage. Conclusion: In clean-contaminated head and neck oncologic surgery amoxicillin-clavulanate prophylaxis was at least as efficient as cefazolin. However, when taking into account the fact that beta-lactamase containing strains have recently been spreading, amoxicillin-clavulanate should be the logical first choice.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
062-0620095-0083 - Uloga EGFR-a u patogenezi karcinoma larinksa (Manestar, Darko, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka

Profili:

Avatar Url Darko Manestar (autor)

Avatar Url Neven Skitarelić (autor)

Avatar Url Miro Morović (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Skitarelić, Neven; Morović, Miro; Manestar, Darko
Antibiotic prophylaxis in clean-contaminated head and neck oncological surgery // Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 35 (2007), 1; 15-20 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Skitarelić, N., Morović, M. & Manestar, D. (2007) Antibiotic prophylaxis in clean-contaminated head and neck oncological surgery. Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 35 (1), 15-20.
@article{article, year = {2007}, pages = {15-20}, keywords = {antibiotic, clean-contaminated, prophylaxis, oncology, surgery}, journal = {Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery}, volume = {35}, number = {1}, issn = {1010-5182}, title = {Antibiotic prophylaxis in clean-contaminated head and neck oncological surgery}, keyword = {antibiotic, clean-contaminated, prophylaxis, oncology, surgery} }
@article{article, year = {2007}, pages = {15-20}, keywords = {antibiotic, clean-contaminated, prophylaxis, oncology, surgery}, journal = {Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery}, volume = {35}, number = {1}, issn = {1010-5182}, title = {Antibiotic prophylaxis in clean-contaminated head and neck oncological surgery}, keyword = {antibiotic, clean-contaminated, prophylaxis, oncology, surgery} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE





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