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Planning of I-131 Therapy for Graves Disease Based on the Radiation Dose to Thyroid Follicular Cells


Eterović, Davor; Antunović, Željko; Marković, Vinko; Grošev, Darko
Planning of I-131 Therapy for Graves Disease Based on the Radiation Dose to Thyroid Follicular Cells // Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 49 (2008), 12; 2026-2030 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Planning of I-131 Therapy for Graves Disease Based on the Radiation Dose to Thyroid Follicular Cells

Autori
Eterović, Davor ; Antunović, Željko ; Marković, Vinko ; Grošev, Darko

Izvornik
Journal of Nuclear Medicine (0161-5505) 49 (2008), 12; 2026-2030

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Monte Carlo; diffuse toxic goiter; absorbed dose; echogenicity; thyroid follicle

Sažetak
In radiotherapy of Graves’ disease it is possible to assess the average dose to thyroid, which may differ from the dose to thyroid epithelial cells. Based on our clinical results that hypoechogenic thyroids are more radiosensitive than the normoechogenic ones and due to positive correlation of thyroid echogenicity and follicular size, we hypothesized that self-absorption of 131I radiation in colloid droplets diminishes the dose to epithelial cells. Methods: The follicles were modeled as spherical colloid droplets, containing uniform concentration of I-131, surrounded by monocellular layer of cells. We used the Monte Carlo simulation to assess the self-absorbed fraction in colloid and the dose to thyroid epithelial cells arising from the own colloid droplet (self-dose) and from the neighboring follicles (cross-dose). Results: Due to self-absorption in colloid droplets the dose to thyroid cells is less than the average thyroid dose, which becomes important when the radii of the droplets exceed 50 μ m. The patients having the average colloid droplets radii of 100, 200, 300 and 400 μ m should be given about 9, 15, 21 and 30% more activity of 131I per unit mass uptake and effective half-life than the patients with small colloid droplets, in order to produce the same dose to epithelial cells. Conclusion: The assessment of follicular size, possibly by ultrasound examination, should be incorporated in patient-specific 131I radiotherapy of patients with Graves’ disease.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
216-0000000-0216 - Cirkulacijske posljedice urolitijaze (Davor Eterović, )

Ustanove
KBC Split,
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE