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Nutrition habits of basketball coaches

Matković, Branka; Matković, Bojan; Ružić, Lana; Knjaz, Damir; Rupčić, Tomislav
Nutrition habits of basketball coaches // III International Congress on People, Sport and Health / Taymazov, V.A. (ur.).
St. Petersburg: St.Petersburg Olymp-SPb, 2007. str. 189-189 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)

Nutrition habits of basketball coaches

Matković, Branka ; Matković, Bojan ; Ružić, Lana ; Knjaz, Damir ; Rupčić, Tomislav

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

III International Congress on People, Sport and Health / Taymazov, V.A. - St. Petersburg : St.Petersburg Olymp-SPb, 2007, 189-189


International Congress on People, Sport and Health (3 ; 2007)

Mjesto i datum
St.Petersburg, Rusija, 19.-21.04.2007.

Vrsta sudjelovanja

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Nutrition ; health ; basketball

Today there are scientific proofs that an adequate dietary habits influences in a large extent to an athlete's health, body composition, and energetic pathways during the activity as well as during the competition or recovery. Athletes should be well informed about the food groups, caloric intake, and daily meal schedule. As the previous investigations showed, the athletes obtain most of their knowledge about nutrition from their coaches, especially physical conditioning coaches (Burns et al, 2004 ; Jacobsson et al., 2001). The major aim of this study would be determination of the level of knowledge about nutrition and dietary habits, especially healthy way of eating in basketball coaches. Also the aim is to establish the relations between knowledge about nutrition and dietary habits. The sample consisted of 61 basketball coaches from Croatia. The knowledge about the sports nutrition and their dietary habits were tested by means of questionnaires. Surveys were anonymous and the data obtained were analysed by statistical software STATISTICA for WINDOWS. The correlations between nutritional knowledge and dietary habits were tested by Pearson correlation coefficient. There is much paucity in coaches’ knowledge. This can probably be connected with the fact that no single coach attended some of the nutrition courses and that the sources of information for nutritional facts that they use are not always scientifically justified. Most of their knowledge comes from different popular magazines. It seems that proteins are the nutrient about which basketball coaches have the least knowledge. Almost 40 % of them take proteins for main energent and think that athletes, compared to sedentary people, need as much as triple higher amounts of this nutrient. But, regardless of that they know very little of protein metabolism. Knowing that amino acids are among the most used supplements (Lombardo, 2004), frequently after the recommendation of their coaches, it would be aspected that persons who are counseling this supplementation know about the possible problems or side effects that could endanger the health of tennis players. Vitamins and minerals are also frequently used as supplements (Burns et al., 2004). The statements on these nutrients had just few incorrect answers. But, it is surprising that 30% of coaches consider vitamins and minerals as sources of energy. The coaches showed that they know how to deal with the meal schedule considering training/competitions. But, cognition about recovery and rehydration is not so good. Recovery is a very complex process in which nutrition and rehydration have very important role. It is necessary to restore glycogen depots in muscles and in liver, replenish water and minerals lost by sweating, synthesize proteins. It is recommended to consume a carbohydrate-rich meal as soon as possible after exercise, providing at least 1 gram of carbohydrate per kilogram of athletes’ body weight. The dietary habits questionnaire consisted of 18 questions (Paugh, 2005). These questions included food intake, dieting, skipping the meals, consumption of different beverages, and vitamin and mineral supplementation. Answers ranged from always (4) to never (1) and the possible range for scores was from 18 to 72. Coaches had 48.6 points on the average. It seems that coaches, like athletes, have very busy schedule so they are skipping some meals in their daily routine, but breakfast is not the usually skipped one. Coaches are rarely dieting and they do not seek for much nutrition information nor are recording what they eat. According to the results obtained we concluded that the level of knowledge about nutrition and dietary habits of basketball coaches are inadequate and that the sourcec of information for nutritional facts that they use are not always scientifically justified. Positive relationship was found between dietary habits and nutritional knowledge. Good level of knowledge potentially could indicate good dietary habits.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita


Projekt / tema
034-0000000-3331 - Zdravstvene navike sportskih trenera (Bojan Matković, )
034-0342282-2402 - Znanje o prehrani i prehrambene navike sportaša (Branka Matković, )

Kineziološki fakultet, Zagreb,
Sveučilište Libertas