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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 342689

Multi-type Maltreatment in Childhood and Psychological Adjustment in Adolescence: Questionnaire Study Among Adolescents in Western Herzegovina Canton


Sesar, Kristina; Živčić-Bećirević, Ivanka; Sesar, Damir
Multi-type Maltreatment in Childhood and Psychological Adjustment in Adolescence: Questionnaire Study Among Adolescents in Western Herzegovina Canton // Croatian Medical Journal, 49 (2008), 2; 243-256 doi:10.3325/cmj.2008.2.243. (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Multi-type Maltreatment in Childhood and Psychological Adjustment in Adolescence: Questionnaire Study Among Adolescents in Western Herzegovina Canton
(Multi-Type Maltreatment in childhood and Psychological Adjustment in Adolescence: Questionnaire Study Among Adolescents in Western Herzegovina Canton)

Autori
Sesar, Kristina ; Živčić-Bećirević, Ivanka ; Sesar, Damir

Izvornik
Croatian Medical Journal (0353-9504) 49 (2008), 2; 243-256

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Multi-type maltreatment; psychological adjustment; adolescence

Sažetak
Aim: To determine the prevalence and intercorrelation of different forms of childhood maltreatment and psychological problems in adolescents in Western Herzegovina Canton. Method: A questionnaire study was conducted in March 2003 on a convenient sample of 458 third-grade high-school students (39% boys) aged between 15 and 20 (median age, 17). Data were collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales III, Child Maltreatment Questionnaire, Youth Self-Report, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Sociodemographic and family characteristics and exposure to maltreatment were analyzed as possible predictors of exposure to a particular type of abuse and subsequent psychological adjustment problems. Results: Out of 458 students, 77% were emotionally abused, 51% physically abused, 30% neglected, 20% witnessed family violence, and 13% of girls and 21% of boys were sexually abused before the age of 14. Significant association between the maltreatment by a mother, father, and other adults were found for emotional and physical abuse and for neglect and witnessing family violence (r=0.413-0.541, p<0.001 for all). Significant correlation was found between all forms of abuse (r=0.163-0.594, p<0.05), except between sexual abuse and witnessing family violence (r=0.048, p=0.351). Almost two-thirds of students were exposed to multi-type maltreatment in childhood. Family characteristics and maltreatment scores significantly predicted anxiety/depression, withdrawal, somatic complaints, social problems, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, rule-breaking behavior, aggression, as well as self-esteem. Conclusion: Most third-grade high-school students in Western Herzegovina Cantor were exposed to multi-type maltreatment in childhood, regardless of the war experience. Emotional and physical abuse were most frequently combined forms of maltreatment. Sociodemographic and family charactersitics and exposure to some forms of abuse were significant predictors of exposure to other forms of abuse. Exposure to maltreatment in childhood predicted difficulties in psychological adjustment in adolescence.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
009-1301675-0854 - Rizični i zaštitni čimbenici psihičkog zdravlja i akademske prilagodbe studenata (Ivanka Živčić-Bećirević, )

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ivanka Živčić-Bećirević, (176303)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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