Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 336511
Epigraphica nova Pelvensia
Epigraphica nova Pelvensia // Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu, XLI (2008), 259-288 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, članak, znanstveni)
Epigraphica nova Pelvensia
Škegro, Ante ; Marić, Marija, Šimić, Marinka
Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu (0350-7165) XLI (2008); 259-288
Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni
Rimska provincija Dalmacija; Pelva; Bosna i Hercegovina; Livno; Podvornice-Lištani; sepulkralni spomenici; rimska epigrafika; hrvatski ćirilski natpisi; popovi glagoljaši; Tjehodrag
(Roman Province of Dalmatia; Pelva; Bosnia and Herzegowina; Livno; Podvornice-Lištani; sepulchral monuments; Roman epigraphy; croatian Cyrillic inscriptions; glagolitic priests; Tjehodrag)
U ovom se prilogu obrađuje četrdeset šest rimskih sepulkralnih spomenika, odnosno njihovih fragmenata, koji potječu s lokaliteta Podvornice (Lištani) na jugozapadnom dijelu Livanjskog polja. U pitanju su ulomci dviju stela, fragmenti sandukâ odnosno poklopaca četvrtastih urni (ossuarium) te sanduci za pohranu kostiju (osteotheca) i njihovi poklopci. Pronađeni su tijekom sustavnih arheoloških istraživanja 2001., 2003., 2004., 2005. i 2006. g., koje je na ovom lokalitetu izvodila stručna ekipa Franjevačkog muzeja i galerije Gorica Livno. Potječu s rimske nekropole koja je prethodila gradnji ranokršćanskog kompleksa na istom lokalitetu, u kojeg su uglavnom bili ugrađeni u vidu spolija. Na kraju je natpis pisan hrvatskom ćirilicom i crkvenoslavenskim jezikom hrvatske redakcije iz druge polovice 12. st., na kojem se spominje jedan pop glagoljaš sa svojih pet umorenih sinova a koji također potječe s ovog lokaliteta.
The professional team of the Gorica Livno Franciscan Monastery and Gallery carried out archaeological research on the Podvornice (Listani) site in the south-eastern part of Livanjsko polje in 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006, during which they found, among other objects, forty-six Roman funerary monuments or their fragments: parts of two steles, fragments of chests and covers for rectangular urns (ossuarium) and chests for keeping bones (osteotheca) and their covers. Almost all of them were Roman. Most had the remains or traces of a grave inscription which, just like the ornamentation, date them to the time of the early principality. They originated from a Roman necropolis that occupied the site before the construction of the Early Christian complex, into which they were in most cases built as spolia. An inscription in the Croatian Cyrillic script and in the Early Church Slavonic language from the second half of the twelfth century, mentioning a Glagolitic priest and his five murdered sons, was found on the same site. This inscription is precious evidence of the Glagolitic priests in the Livno area, which was at that time under the jurisdiction of the Split archbishop. It is a very important link between the older and younger generation of Glagolitic priests (presbyteri Illyrici) in the deep hinterland of Split (the Livno-Duvno area, western Herzegovina), where Glagolitic priests managed to survive until the middle of the nineteenth century. Earlier research in the Podvornice (Listani) site resulted in the discovery of two Early Christian basilicas, a baptismal font, memorial chapel, eight late-Roman built tombs, four of them vaulted, and a necropolis with the remains of funerary items. The Roman items on this site were covered by a medieval necropolis of the Dalmatian Croatian cultural circle. In diversity and complexity this site is very similar to those in Grudine (Crkvine) - Cipuljic in Bugojno and Sipovo in central Bosnia. In the early Middle Ages the Livno area was part of the Croatian County of Hlebijani and the Bugojno and Sipovo areas part of the County of Pleba (Pliva). Podvornice (Listani) is the third site in the Livno area where Early Christian basilicas were found, after the finds in Resetarica and on St Ivo’s graveyard in the centre of Livno. One of the two basilicas in Podvornice (the northern one) could have kept its original function in the high Middle Ages. This is supported by the find of a Eucharistic spoon on the same site (grave no. 12), tentatively dated to the tenth-twelfth centuries. The Glagolitic priest mentioned on the last inscription could therefore have served in a community who¬se members were buried in the Podvornice graveyard, where he himself was buried as well. Research showed the great complexity of the Podvornice (Listani) site. People lived there continuously from late Roman times to the late Middle Ages. Nearby sites connect it with some prehistoric ages. In professional literature it is also known as St Rose’s Church (Crkva sv. Ru'e). Ivo Bojanovski (1915-1993) considered this the site of the Roman travel station Pelva (mansio Pelva) on the main Salona - Servitium road known from Antonine Itinerary (Itin. Ant. 269, 5). It was the junction of Roman roads leading from Salona to Pannonia and to the Dalmatian hinterland. Some other authors, such as Esad Pasalic (1915-1967) and Geza Alfoldy, considered Pelva a municipium. After systematic field research into the traces of communication routes and settlements, and from the study of sources, Bojanovski convincingly concluded that Pelva was after all a travel station.