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Lyme borreliosis and multiple sclerosis are associated with primary effusion lymphoma

Batinac, Tanja; Petranović, Duška; Zamolo, Gordana; Petranović, Davor; Ružić, Alen
Lyme borreliosis and multiple sclerosis are associated with primary effusion lymphoma // Medical hypotheses, 69 (2007), 1; 117-119 doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2006.11.015 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Lyme borreliosis and multiple sclerosis are associated with primary effusion lymphoma

Batinac, Tanja ; Petranović, Duška ; Zamolo, Gordana ; Petranović, Davor ; Ružić, Alen

Medical hypotheses (0306-9877) 69 (2007), 1; 117-119

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Lyme borreliosis; multiple sclerosis; primary effusion lymphoma

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system characterized by chronic inflammation and demyelination. Studies suggested that the viral, especially Epstein-Barr virus infection, and bacterial infections, especially Borrelia burgdorferi infection, play a role in etiology of MS. MS prevalence parallels the distribution of the Lyme disease pathogen B. burgdorferi. Criteria used for diagnosis of MS can also be fulfilled in other conditions such as Lyme disease, a multisystem disorder resulting from infection by the tick-borne spirochete, B. burgdorferi. In the late period of Lyme disease demyelinating involvement of central nervous system can develop and MS can be erroneously diagnosed. A Lyme borreliosis can mimick central nervous system lymphoma. Also, B. burgdorferi has been implicated not only in etiology of MS, but also in etiology of lymphoma. Studies suggested that there is an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in patients, who had a history of autoimmune diseases such as MS and that both non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and Hodgkin's disease were associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. A small group of lymphomas called primary effusion lymphomas (PEL) is a recently individualized form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (WHO classification) that exhibit exclusive or dominant involvement of serous cavities, without a detectable solid tumor mass. These lymphomas have also been linked to Epstein-Barr virus and human herpes virus type 8 infections but virus negative cases have been described. Therefore, we propose that MS and neuroborreliosis are linked to central nervous system primary effusion lymphomas. As a first step in confirming or refuting our hypotheses, we suggest a thorough study of CSF in the patients suspected for the diagnosis of MS and Lyme borreliosis.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti


Projekt / tema
062-0620239-0197 - Imunološki mehanizmi u patogenezi psorijaze (Marija Kaštelan, )

Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus

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